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ssc, English, unit 2, 2.1 chapter 7, Animals, Maharashtra, board, balbharathi, solution, kumarbharathi,

Q1.Get into pairs and attempt the following :

“The more I learn about people, the more I like my dog.”- Mark Twain. – Discuss with your partner what Mark Twain means from the above quote. Write in your own words.





By the above quote. Mark Twain means that his dog has certain qualities which he wishes that human beings possess, but do not. Each day, as he comes across different people and learn more about human nature, the feeling grows within him that humans possess many disagreeable qualities that do not help in improving relationships. As a result. he begins to love his dog more than human beings.

Q2.Put the following attributes/ abilities given below in the proper circles.

(a) self-control

(b) communicates

(c) love and care

(d) cooks

(e) good manners

(f) has 360° vision

(g) shows gratitude 

(h) lives for more than 150 years

(i) swims

(j) learns computing

(k) worships god

(l) sleeps in standing position

(m) stands up immediately after birth

(n) brings up children

(o) belongs to various species


HumanCommon to bothAnimals
cooksSelf-controllives for more than 150 years
Learn to computecommunicatessleep in a standing position
Stands up immediatelyLove and carehas a 360° vision
Worship godShows gratitudebelongs to various species after birth
Good mannersSwims 
 Brings up children 

Q3.At times, especially when you are frustrated, you wish you were an animal/ a bird/ a fish/ a butterfly and not a human being. Say which of the above you would choose to transform to and give 3 or 4 reasons for your choice.

I wish I could be a ______________________________




When I am frustrated. I wish I could be a bird, so I could fly away from the cause of frustration. At such times, I would like to be far from the noise and crowd on earth and sail in silence across the sky. I would prefer to concentrate on my own thoughts and regain my peace, and the best place for that would be up in the heavens, close to God. Flapping my wings would keep me active and busy and help me forget about my worries.

Q4.We come across many animals in our vicinity. We have also read about different animals in books. Make a list of all animals that fall under various categories. One is given to you.

AmphibiansMammalsWild AnimalsAquatic AnimalsPet Animals

Encourage students to read/use reference material to complete the activity.


AmphibiansmammalsWild animalsAquatic animalsPet animals
SalamanderSquirrelBearAlligatorGuinea pig

Q1.(A) Match the words given in table A with their meanings in table B.

NoA Words B Meaning
(i)whine(a)an offence against the religious or moral law
(ii)sin(b)complain in an annoying way
(iv)mania(d)failing to take proper care


A. ColumnB. Column
(1) whinecomplain in an annoying way
(2) sinan offence against the religious or moral law
(3) evinceshow
(4) maniamental illness
(5) negligentfailing to take proper care

Q1.(B)Find adjectives from the poem which refer to positive and negative thinking.

1. ____________________1. ____________________
2. ____________________2. ____________________
3. ____________________3. ____________________


(1) placid(1) dissatisfied
(2) self-contained(2) demented
(3) Respected(3) unhappy

Concept: Writing Skill

Q2.Complete the following.

(a)The poet wishes he could _____________.


The poet wishes he could turn and live with anim

(b)Animals do not complain about _________________.


Animals do not complain about their condition.

(c)Animals do not merely discuss ______________.


Animals do not merely discuss their duty to God.

(d)Animals are not crazy about ________________.


Animals are not crazy about owning things.

Q3.State whether the following statement is true or false.

(a)Animals are self-reliant.


  • True
  • False

(b)Animals quarrel for their possessions.


  • True
  • False

(c)Animals do not worship other animals.


  • True
  • False

(d)Humans have given up many good qualities.


  • True
  • False

(e)Animals suffer humiliation.


  • True
  • False

(f)The poet has retained all his natural virtues.


  • True
  • False

Q4.With the help of the poem find the differences between animals and human beings.

Human beingsAnimals
Always complain about their condition _________________Never complain about anything


Human BeingsAnimals
Always dissatisfied.Always contented.
Crazy about acquiring possessionsNever interested in owning things.
Worship other human beingsNever worship anyone of their kind.
Always unhappy about earthly matters.Unconcerned about earthly matters.

Q5.Read the text again, and complete the web, highlighting the good values/habits which we can learn from animals.


Q6.Find outlines from the poem that are examples of the following Figures of Speech.

Figures of SpeechLines


 Figures of SpeechLines
(i)RepetitionI stand and look at them long and long.
(ii)AlliterationThey bring me tokens of myself.
(iii)HyperboleNo one is respectable or unhappy over the whole earth.

Q7.Identify the Figure of Speech in the following line.

(a)I stand and look at them long and long.


I stand and look at them long and long Repetation.

(b)They do not sweat and whine about their condition


They do not sweat and whine about their condition – Personification.

(c)They do not make me sick discussing their duty to God.


They do not make me sick discussing their duty to God – Alitration.

(d)Not one is demented with the mania of owning things.


Not one is demented with the mania of owning things – metaphar/alitration.

(e)They bring me tokens of myself.


They bring me tokens of myself – Metaphor.

(f)No one is respectable or unhappy over the whole earth.


No one is respectable or unhappy over the whole earth – Hyperbole

Q8.Read the poem again and write an appreciation of the poem in a paragraph format with the help of given points.


  • Title
  • Poet
  • Rhyme scheme
  • Favourite line
  • Theme/Central idea
  • Figures of speech
  • Special features – Type of the poem, language, tone, implied meaning, etc.
  • Why I like/ dislike the poem.



The poem ‘Animals’ has been penned by Walt Whitman.

The central idea of the poem is that animals today are better than humans.

The poet has broken away from the conventional use of a rhyme scheme and has written the poem in free verse.

The chief figure of speech used in the poem is Repetition. Lines such as “They do not sweat. Do not lie awake. “They do not make me sick.. make a strong impact. expressing the qualities that humans should possess, but do not. The other figures of speech are Alliteration, Tautology. Hyperbole, etc.

A line in this poem which is my favourite is: 

They bring me tokens of myself. This is a very powerful line that shows us what good qualities human beings must have possessed when they were almost like animals in the early stages of evolution and which animals still possess, while we do not.

This is a reflective poem. The language used is simple, but the tone is subtle. By describing the qualities that animals possess today, the poet indirectly implies that we human beings too should possess these qualities. The poet has used adjectives such as ‘placid’ and ‘self-contained’ to bring out the good qualities possessed by animals.

I like this poem very much because it tells us indirectly that if we want to improve human relationships we should observe and pick up qualities that animals now possess and which we might have once possessed but had carelessly given up on the path of evolution.

Q9.Divide the class into two groups. One group should offer points in favour of (views) and the other against (counterviews) the topic ‘Life of an animal is better than that of a human being.’

Later use the points to express your own views/ counterviews in paragraph format in your notebook.

Hold a healthy discussion on the given topic. Encourage and habituate the students to accept others’ Opinions, with respect.


View: Unlike humans, animals are placid and self. contained. They do not try to set targets or achieve goals as humans do. Animals do not complain about their condition. They are quite satisfied with their

living conditions, whatever they are. Moreover, they do not worship things, other animals, or people as gods. Neither are they too bothered about possessions or earthly matters

Counterview: Since animals are self-contained and self-satisfied, they do not feel the need to improve their living conditions. Humans are restless, they complain about their lives. The result is that they continuously try to improve their living conditions. By setting targets humans are able to achieve all. Animals have no idea about God. Humans acknowledge a divine Creator. Animals do not worry about possessions or earthly matters. As a result, they do not possess the will to care about the future of this planet, as humans do.

ssc, English, kumarbharathi, chapter 6, The alchemy of nature, Maharashtra, board, full, solution,

Q1.Rearrange the good qualities in each set, so that the first letter of each of the words should make a meaningful word. Join the sets and get a message.

Set 1: Understanding/Adaptable/Tolerant/Neat/ Encouraging Resourceful.

– The word is _____________

Set 2: Selfless/Inspiring

– The word is ____________

Set 3: Youthful/Modest

– The word is ___________

Set 4: Affectionate/Compassionate/Empathetic/ Earnest/Honest/Reliable/Trustworthy

– The word is _____________

– The message is _______________


Set 1: Neat/Adaptable/Tolerant/Understanding Resourceful/Encouraging

Set 2: Inspiring/Selfless

Set 3: Modest/Youthful

Set 4: Trustworthy/Earnest/Affectionate /Compassionate/Honest/Empathetic/Reliable

The message is: Nature is my teacher.

Q2.Various aspects of Nature have special features that make them differ from one another.

For example, Birds:- appearance, shape, colour, size, food habits, habitat, sound etc.

Write such special features of each of the following.

  • Land- _______________
  • Water- ______________
  • Trees- _______________
  • Animals- ____________
  • Insects- _____________


  • Land- geographical features, colours, shapes, appearance, chemical composition, uses.
  • Water- width and length of various water bodies, chemical composition (sweet water, salt water).
    colours (according to sand beds), rocks, coral reefs, variety of sea creatures.
  • Trees– height and shape of leaves, changing (or unchanging) colour during seasons, fruits, flowers, medicinal products, types of soil, climate and habitat required for their existence.
  • Animals- shapes, sizes and colours, different habitats, kinds: wild or domestic, uses.
  • Insects- shapes, sizes. colours, number of legs, different habitats, sounds, uses.

Q3.Make a list of living creatures in the alphabetical order. You can write more than one beginning with the same letter.


A – AnacondaN – Nighthawk
B – ButterflyO – Ostrich
C – CrabP – Penguin
D – DogQ – Quail (Bird)
E – ElephantR – Rooster
F – FrogS – Sheep
G – GoatT – Tiger
H – HorseU – Umbrella Cockatoo (Bird)
I – Iguana (Lizard)V – Vulture
J – JellyfishW – Whale
K – KangarooX – Xenopus (Frog)
L – LionY – Yak
M – MonkeyZ – Zebra

Q1.What things in nature teach us the following:

(a)Nothing is impossible to achieve ____________.


Nothing is impossible to achieve ants; small bits of grass peeping from cracks in the concrete.

(b)Problems are not permanent ___________.


Problems are not permanent trees that are bare in winter.

(c)Be humble and adjust ____________


Be humble and adjust water.

(d)Make the best use of time and opportunity__________.


Make the best use of time and opportunity Hibiscus flower.

(e)Be persistent ____________.


Be persistent water.

(f)Many hands make work light ____________.


Many hands make work light ants.

(g)Delicate structures are not a sign of weakness ______.


Delicate structures are not a sign of weakness spider webs.

Q2.Read the question from the lesson. What do they imply?

(a)Are you listening?


It implies that one must listen.

(b)What if we too had lived our lives, however short, to the fullest?


It implies that we too should live our lives to the fullest, however short they may be.

(c)What if we too are consistent, organized, focused…?


It implies that we too could do wonders if we were consistent, organized, focussed…..

Q3.Go through the lesson again and complete the flow-chart that highlights the life of a ‘hibiscus’ flower.


Q4.Fill the web


Q5.The writer explains the contrasting features of ‘water’ and ‘rock’ in the lesson. Write all the features of both water and rock in the given table.



1. gentle1. hard
2. persistent2. humble
3. persevering3. obedient
4. determined4. adaptable

Q6.The writer bas very positively described the different things in nature. Discuss with your partner the special features of coach one of them. Add on the list.

Part of NatureSpecial featureValue learnt
1. Rainbow  
2. Caterpillar  


Part of NatureSpecial featureValue learnt
1. Rainbowcheer
fulness; acceptance.
Even when there are problems in the surroundings, we must be cheerful and spread colour and happiness.
2. Caterpillarpatience; acceptanceThere is a bright and beautiful future ahead.
3. hibiscus floweroptimism; cheer
However short life may be, we must live it to the fullest.
4. rocksobedience to nature; adjustment; humilityObey the commands of nature; adjust to the situation; be humble
5. bits of grassoptimism; perse
However impossible things may look, there is an opening.
6. bare treeoptimism, faith; convictionHowever difficult things are in the present, it will not remain so forever. With conviction we should remind ourselves that this too will pass.
7. waterperse
verance; deter
mination; humility
(i) Even colossal problems surmounted if we persist. can be(ii) Learn to adapt to others without any hint of ego

Q7.Think and answer in your own words.

(a)How should you deal with difficulties and problems?


When I come across problems in life, I turn towards nature for inspiration. I try to understand how the different elements in nature deal with their difficulties and try to solve my own problems in the same way.

(b)‘An oyster turns a grain of sand into a pearl.’ What can we learn from this example?


We learn that there is a mysterious power or magic in nature that can change things dramatically.

(c)How does nature succeed in its ‘Alchemy’? What can it turn a small person into?


Nature succeed in its ‘Alchemy’ by changing things in a mysterious way. It can turn a small person into anything he/she wishes; one touches nature and becomes gold oneself.

(d)Which two aspects of nature teach us to accept change and adjust according to the situation?


With gentle humility, water changes its form according to the dictates of the sun and the wind. The bare trees wait patiently during the winter months for the arrival of spring, when they get fresh green leaves. These two aspects of nature teach us to accept change and adjust according to the situation.

(e)Why does the writer begin by quoting the lines from William Blake’s poem ‘Auguries of Innocence’?


These lines show that if we pause to reflect. there is much beauty in nature and plenty that we can learn from it. The write-up expands on the same idea. thus reflecting the philosophy of the poetic lines by William Blake.

Q8.(A)Pick out from lesson 10 examples of each.

  • Concrete Nouns (that you can touch or see)
    For example, sand
  • Abstract Nouns (that which you cannot touch or see
    For example, infinity


  • Concrete Nouns (that you can touch or see)

For example, sand

  1. water
  2. rock
  3. flower
  4. tree
  5. grass
  6. leaves
  7. system
  8. Butterfly
  9. dawd
  10. wind
  • Abstract Nouns (that which you cannot touch or see)

For example, infinity

  1. Imagination
  2. Joy
  3. Destiny
  4. Atternity
  5. Deeds
  6. Time
  7. Space
  8. Idea
  9. Ego
  10. Elegance

Q8.(B)Underline the verbs in the sentence and say whether it is Transitive (needing an Object) or Intransitive (need not have an Object).

1.One can witness and experience the beauty of Heaven


One can witness and experience the beauty of Heaven.

witness and experience are the verbs.

∴ It is Transitive.

2.It leaves me in complete awe.


It leaves me in complete awe.

leaves are the verb.

∴ It is Intransitive.

3.Nature soothes and nurtures.


Nature soothes and nurtures.

Soothes and nurtures are the verbs.

∴ It is Intransitive.

4.It withers completely.


It withers completely.

withers are the verb.

∴ It is Intransitive.

5.The flower comes to life only for a day.


The flower comes to life only for a day.

comes are the verb.

∴ It is Intransitive.

6.A rainbow colours the entire sky.


A rainbow colours the entire sky.

colours are the verb.

∴ It is Transitive.

7.It smiles and dances


It smiles and dances.

smiles and dances are the verbs.

∴ It is Intransitive.

Q9.(A)Compose about 8-10 sets of imaginary dialogue between a bird, a tree and its fruit regarding the effects of environmental changes. Write it in your notebooks.


Conversation between a bird, a tree and its fruit:

  • Conversation 1:

Bird: Hi there, tree! How are you doing?

Tree: Not too well. I can’t breathe. There’s too much of dust and smoke here.

Bird: What, here too? I’ve come here to escape just that!

Fruit: Wrong place, birdie. Look at me: do I look healthy? I’m not growing. Too many insecticides have been sprayed on me.

Bird: Oh, oh. Maybe I should leave this place too.

  • Conversation 2:

Tree: Oh, no! Something is happening! My roots are getting loose!

Bird: That’s called erosion. Soil erosion.

Tree: What happens next?

Bird: The next time it rains heavily-boom! Down you will go! And away I will fly.

Tree: Can’t someone help me?

Fruit: What about me?

Q9.(B)Prepare a Fact file of any of the following plants/trees, using the points given.

[coconut / neem / basil / cactus / apple]

  • Name of Plant/Tree _________
  • Scientific name ___________
  • Region and climate ___________
  • Features ___________
  • Growth _____________
  • Size, shape and colour ____________
  • Uses __________
  • Any special feature ________


Profile of the Coconut Tree and Fruit

  1. Names:
    English name Coconut;
    Sanskrit name – Narikela;
    Hindi name – Nariyal.
  2. Scientific name:
    cocos nucifera; belongs to the family ‘Palmae’ or the palm family (also known as Arecaceae).
  3. Region and Climate:
    Tropical and sub tropical coastal regions, especially near sea beaches.
  4. Features:
    i. Fruit: has a thick fibrous coir over the hard shell: inside the kernel colourless liquid;
    ii. leaves: feather-shaped and split into lots of leaflets.
  5. Growth:
    Coconut trees can grow from 15 to 30 metres in height in plantations
  6. Size and shape:
    Coconut fruits are oval in shape. The trunk of the coconut tree is ringed with scars where old leaves have fallen. The top of the trunk is crowned with a rosette of leaves. The leaves can grow up to 7 feet long and can have 250 leaflets.
  7. Uses:
    i. Coir weaving and leaves: matting, thatching and
    ii. Hard outer shell: about 10 to 15 inches in length: used to make articles such as spoons, eating utensils, charcoal, etc.
    iii. Inside of the shell: lined with a white edible layer called the meat: used for cooking or extraction of oil, making of soaps or cosmetics: also to make chemical Industrial and medicinal products: contains coconut water which is very nutritious.
    iv. Husk and leaves: used as material to make a variety of products for furnishing and decorating
  8. Any special feature:
    Known in India as kalpavriksha’ or the tree of heaven’ because of its many uses: the term coconut is derived from the 16th century Portuguese and Spanish. meaning grinning face from the three small holes on the coconut shell that resemble human facial features.

Q10.’Impossible’ itself says ‘I M possible’. Do you agree? Justify your answer by citing something that you have experienced or heard from someone.


Yes, I agree. It is possible to do the most difficult of things providing we have the will and conviction to do so. The example that comes to my mind as justification is that of Sudha Chandran, the dancer. Though her leg was amputated below the knee, with great grit and determination she restarted dancing and went on to become a famous dancer and actress. This shows that one can do things which seem to be impossible.

Q11.You have an environment protection week celebration in your school. You have invited an environmentalist. Your friend interviews him/her about how to save the environment. Frame suitable Interview Questions


Jai interviews Mr. Ali, an environmentalist:

Jai: Good morning. Sir. Welcome to our school. would like to ask you a few questions for a write-up in your school magazine. My first question: What is your opinion about the concept of having an environment protection week’s celebration?

Mr. Ali: I think it’s a wonderful idea, though I would not call it a “celebration’.

Jai: Why is that, sir?

Mr. Ali: Well, you have a celebration when you are happy about something. In our town, the protection of the environment is so poor that I, as an environmentalist, am not at all happy about it.

Jai: Can you give us some tips to protect the environment?

Mr. Ali: Certainly, my boy. First of all, we should grow more trees wherever possible. It should be made mandatory for every factory, office. residential building, etc. to plant trees before starting construction. If trees have to be cut down for any purpose, efforts must be made to transplant them.

Jai: What about the menace of plastic, sir?

Mr. Ali: We cannot eliminate plastic completely: however, the thickness of plastic bags and the methods of disposal should be made clear to all. Air, water and noise pollution must be dealt with too.

Jai: Please expand on that, sir.

Mr. Ali: Well, industrial and vehicular pollution must be controlled: water bodies must be kept clean. Those who break rules must be penalized. Loudspeakers must be banned during the night hours. Oh, there are lots of things to be done, lots of things.

Jai: Thank you sir, for giving some of your precious time for this interview.

Q12.Write a News Report on the ‘Environment Day’ celebrated in your school.


Environment Day Celebrations

Nagpur, June 7 World Environment Day was celebrated in New Era School with great fanfare on June 5. The main purpose of the celebration was to spread awareness about the need to protect the environment and the ways to do it.

The day was flagged off by a tree plantation drive in the locality. 300 quick-growing trees, which do not need much water on a daily basis, were planted near the school wall and in the surrounding area. An eminent environmentalist, Mr. A.T. All spoke on the ways to protect the environment. He also judged the Posters and Photographs’ exhibition and gave away prizes for the best entries Environmentally-friendly articles like disposable plates and cups made from bamboo and banana stem, bags made from leaf waste, etc. were on sale. Students gave continuous powerpoint presentations on the threats to the environment. Last but not the least, was the spirited debate on the topic Man: The worst enemy of the Environment’.

All in all the day was a great success, and has certainly made a difference to the way we view our environment

– Josh Matthew New Era School

Q13.Just For Laughs! Enjoy!

Divide the class into two groups. On 12 to 15 slips of paper, Group A writes 12 to 15 conditional clauses beginning with ‘If’.

(For example, If I work very hard, )

Group B writes 12 to 15 main clauses.)

(For example, I would/shall have a pizza.)

Now, one student from Group ‘A’ reads the first conditional clause (possibility) and one student from Group ‘B’ reads the first main clause. It forms crazy sentences, just for laughter and fun. ENJOY!


Do it yourself.


ssc, English, Maharashtra, board, chapter 5, Joan of arc, Ebalbharathi, solution, full solution,

Q1.Discuss in groups pairs and make a list of the weapons used in the old times and in the present times.

Weapons usedin the pastWeapons used nowadays


Weapons usedin the pastWeapons used nowadays
bow and arrowshand grenades
axes, etc.nuclear weapons, etc.

Q2.Imagine that you are the captain of your school Kabaddi team. Your final match is against a very strong team. Your team members are sure that you will lose. How will you boost their morale? Work in groups and prepare a shortlist of what can encourage the team.


I will encourage them in the following way.

  1. I will tell them that even if the opponent is an elephant, a small ant can defeat it.
  2. I will tell them our strong points.
  3. We will try to figure out the opponent’s weak points.
  4. I will tell them no matter how strong the opponent is, we will do our best and we will win.
  5. I will tell them most of the time, we were going to lose yet we won.

Q3.Adding different prepositions to the same action verb changes the meaning of the phrases, thus formed.

For example,

call out – announce

call at – visit

call for – summon

call up – make a telephonic call

call off – cancel

Guess the difference in meanings of the underlined phrases.

  • a. He promised to look into the matter.
    b. He asked me to look for his lost book.
    c. I shall look forward to your arrival.
  • a. An epidemic of cholera broke out in the village.
    b. The thieves broke into the locked house.
    c. They broke up their friendship.
  • a. You must carry out your duty faithfully.
    b. Please carry on with your work.
    c. They carried off the trophy in the football matches.
    d. Carry forward the remaining balance to the next page.


 SentencesMeanings of the underlined phrases
a. He promised to look into the matter.
b. He asked me to look for his lost
c. I shall look forward to your arrival.await eagerly
a. An epidemic of cholera broke out in the village.
b. The thieves broke into the locked house.entered illegally and forcibly
c. They broke up their friendship.ended
a. You must carry out your duty faithfully.
b. Please carry on with your work.continue
c. They carried off the trophy in the football matches.won
d. Carry forward the remaining balance to the next transfer

Q1.Read the extract from G. B. Shaw’s play on Joan of Arc and fill in the Tree diagram.


Q2.(A)Pick out from the extract of the play two lines that provide evidence for each of the following.


a.Her confidence1. The Dauphin will give me all I need to free Orleans2. I will teach them all to fight for France.
b.Her courage1. She really doesn’t seem to be afraid of anything.2. The Squire’s glare neither frightens her nor stops her.
c.Her optimism1. If she can put some fight into him, she can put it into anybody.2. I don’t think it can be very difficult if God is on your side.
d.Her determination1. I have arranged it all. You have only to give the order.
e.Her patriotism1. I will teach them all to fight for France.2. You said that you would not see me. But here I am.

Q2.(B)Using the following points, frame a character sketch of Joan of Arc, in your own words. Suggest an attractive title.

  • confidence
  • courage
  • optimism
  • determination
  • patriotism


The Heroine of France-Joan of Arc

Joan, a well-built, strong country girl of 17 to 18 years, is brave and courageous and unafraid of anything. She is confident and asks directly for whatever she wants and is sure of getting it. She is optimistic and feels that if God is on one’s side, one can do anything. She is determined to go to Orleans and motivate the Dauphin to fight the English and save Orleans. Squire Robert and the others feel that if anyone can put some fight into the Dauphin, it is Joan. She is extremely patriotic and confidently says that she will teach the French soldiers to fight, and soon there will not be a single English soldier left on the soil of France.

Q3.From the extract, find what the following is compared to and why:

(a)as easy as ____________


as easy as: chasing a cow out of the meadow.

This comparison is made because Joan was a country girl and had probably chased many cows out of the meadows. Besides, cows are docile creatures and can be driven away very easily.

(b)as mad as ____________


as mad as: Joan, for Joan was planning to go to the Dauphin, who was frightened, and motivate him to fight for Orleans.

(c)The Dauphin in Chinon is like ________


The Dauphin in Chinon is like: a rat in a corner, for just like a cornered rat gives up, he too had given up and refused to fight to save Orleans.

(d)The (enemy) soldiers will be driven away like ___________


The (enemy) soldiers will be driven away like: sheep. This comparison is made because sheep, who are considered to be foolish animals, can be manoeuvered and manipulated easily.

(e)Joan of Arc is a bit of __________________


Joan of Arc is a bit of: miracle because she is courageous, confident and determined enough to go to the Dauphin and motivate him to fight for Orleans. when everybody else had given up. 

Q4.Say why? Write it in your notebook.

(a)Joan wanted to meet Captain Squire, OR Explain why Joan wanted to meet Captain Squire.


Joan wanted Captain Squire to give her a horse, an armour and some soldiers and send her to meet the Dauphin. That was the reason she wanted to meet him.

(b)Joan did not ask for many soldiers from Captain Squire.


Joan did not ask for many soldiers from the

Captain Squire because the Dauphin would give her all that she needed.

(c)Poulengey, Jack and Dick had offered to accompany Joan.


Poulengey, Jack and Dick felt there was something about Joan, and that she was a bit of a miracle. Her words had put fire into them. They also felt that it was their last chance of saving Orleans. Hence they offered to accompany her.

(d)French soldiers were always beaten in war.


The French soldiers were always trying to save their lives, and would run away from the battlefield. Hence they were always beaten in war.

(e)Captain Squire Robert said, “I wash my hands off it.”


Captain Robert Squire was uncertain about allowing Joan to go to the Dauphin. He could not believe that Joan would be successful in her mission. Even then, he could not withstand her determination and confidence: he also felt that this was the last chance of saving Orleans, and that there was something special about Joan. However, he did not want to be held responsible for anything; hence he said “I wash my hands off it.”

Q5.Using a dictionary, find the difference between the following pairs of phrases. Make sentences of your own with each of them.


 PhrasesMeaningOwn Sentences
1.cut inInterruptThe teacher asked Rohan not to cut in when she was teaching.
cut outreduce or stop somethingPlanting a line of trees along the road will cut out the noise from vehicles. held bybeforeThe mayor wanted the elections to be held by the end of the month
be held upDelayedThe marriage party was held up in the traffic jam. awayescape; go offThe kind king allowed the captured deer to run away.
run forto compete in an electionThe film star wanted to run for the post of Mayor. known asto be called asThe new boss wanted to be known as a good and kind person.
be known forto be famous forNagpur is known for its oranges.
5.go withsuit each otherDon’t you think these shoes go with this dress?
go afterpursue; followYou will never be happy if you go after money all the time.
6.put fire intoinspire, motivateThe Chief Guest’s words put fire into the young students.
put fire outextinguishSeeing trouble brewing, the minister advised his team to put the fire out before it spread everywhere.

Q6.From an Indian History Book or Internet find out information about Indian Women (queens) who led battles. (For example, Rani of Jhansi and Rani Karnawati of Mewad). Write 3 points of similarity and 3 points of contrast between any one of the above Indian Queens and Joan of Arc. Write in your own words.



Do it yourself.

Q7.Read the script from:

Joan (Girl) : Good morning, Captain

Squire up to __________

Joan : (simply) ________

Polly and Jack have promised to come with me.

Write a summary of that part of the script (in the indirect speech) in 15 to 20 lines. Do it in your notebook.


Joan asked the Squire to give her a horse. an armour and some soldiers, and send her to the Dauphin. On hearing this, Robert angrily asked the steward why he had not told him that she was mad. The steward told Robert to give Joan what she wanted.Robert then told Joan that he would send her back to her father with orders to lock her up. Joan replied that it wouldn’t happen that way: Robert had not wanted to see her, yet she had managed to see him.

Joan then asked him for a horse which would cost 16 francs. It was a big amount of money, but

she would save it on the armour, as she did not need a beautiful, fitting armour. A soldier’s armour would do. She said that she would not want many soldiers, for the Dauphin would give her what she needed to free Orleans. Three men would be enough for him to send with her. She adds that Polly and Jack had promised to go with her.

Q8.(A)Make the following sentence Affirmative without change of meaning.

(a)Negative: I am not so sure, now.

Affirmative: _________________


Negative: I am not so sure, now.

Affirmative: I am unsure now.

(b)Negative: He will not be able to stop them.

Affirmative: _________________


Negative: He will not be able to stop them.

Affirmative: He will be unable to stop them

(c)Negative: I don’t remember.

Affirmative: _________________


Negative: I don’t remember.

Affirmative: I forget.

(d)Negative: I can do no more.

Affirmative: _________________


Negative: I can do no more.

Affirmative: I can do this much.

(e)Negative: Sir, do not anger her

Affirmative: _________________


Negative: Sir, do not anger her.

Affirmative: Sir please replied from angering her

(f)Negative: I shall not want many soldiers.

Affirmative: _________________


Negative: I shall not want many soldiers.

Affirmative: I shall not only a few soldiers

Q8.(B)Fill in the gaps in the table.


1. successsucceedsuccessfulsuccessfully
2. ________inspire_____________________
3. _______________safe__________
4. ________harm____________________
5. thought____________________________
6. ___________________________brightly
7. courage___________________________
8. __________________________hastily



1. successsucceedsuccessfulsuccessfully
2. inspirationinspireinspirationalinspiringly
3. safetysavesafesafely
4. harmharmharmfulharmfully
5. thoughtthinkthoughtfulthoughtfully
6. brightnessbrightenbrightbrightly
7. courageencouragecourageouscourageously
8. hastinesshastenhastehastily

ssc, 10th std, English, ebalbharathi, solution, chapter 3, on, wings, of, courage, Maharashtra, board, latest, edition, complete, solution, unit, one,


Q1.The ranks of officers in the Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force are jumbled up. Discuss with your group and put them in the appropriate boxes. 👈 Click here


1.Make sentences to bring out the difference between:

wear – ____________

ware – ____________

 *Solution* 👈 Click here

2.Make sentences to bring out the difference between:

here – ____________

hear – ____________

 *Solution* 👈 Click here

3.Make sentences to bring out the difference between:

there – ____________

their – ____________

 *Solution* 👈 Click here

4. Make sentences to bring out the difference between:

cell – ____________

sell – ____________

 *Solutions* 👈 Click here


1.Write what the underlined homograph in the following sentence means. 👈 Click here

2.Write what the underlined homograph in the following sentence means. 👈 Click here

3.Write what the underlined homograph in the following sentence means. 👈 Click here

Q2. © Read the text and fill in the flow chart of the promotions received by Arjan Singh.

*Solution* 👈 Click here

Q2.(C) With the help of the facts given in the prepare a fact file of Air Marshal Arjan Singh.

 *Solution* 👈 Click here

 *Q3.Fill in the web.* 

 *Solution* 👈 Click here

Q4.Say what action preceded the following promotion of Arjan Singh in his career in the IAF.

(a)Selected for Empire Pilot training course at RAF.

 *Solutions* 👈 Click here

(b)Promoted to Squadron Leader. 

*Solutions* 👈 Click here

(c)Leader of flypast over 100 aircrafts at Red Fort, Delhi. 

*Solution* 👈 Click here

(d)Awarded Padma Vibhushan.

 *Solution* 👈 Click here

(e)First Air Chief Marshal of Indian Air Force.

 *Solution* 👈 Click here

Q5.Replace the underline word/phrase with the appropriate one, to retain the proper meaning.

(a)He contributed notably in bringing up the school. 👈 Click here

(b)Our school cricket team got ready for the final match against P. Q. R. High School. 👈 Click here

(c)After a short period of working as a lecturer, Ravi took up an important post in a Multinational company. 👈 Click here

(d)Our class monitor is a perfect symbol of duty and discipline. 👈 Click here

(e)Accepting the great value of his research; they awarded him with a Ph.D. (degree) 👈 Click here

(f)After the murder of King Duncan, Macbeth took over the control of Scotland. 👈 Click here

Q6.Build the word wall with the words related to ‘Military’. 👈 Click here

Q7.(A)State the different meanings of the following pairs of Homophones and make sentences of your own with each of them. 👈 Click here

Q7.(B)The following Homographs have the same spelling and pronunciation; but can have different meanings. Make sentences of your own to show the difference. 👈 Click here

Q8.Glance through the text and prepare notes from the information that you get. Take only relevant points. Don’t use sentences. Arrange the points in the same order. You may use symbols or short forms. Present the points sequentially. Use highlighting techniques. 👈 Click here

Q9.Develop a story suitable to the conclusion end given below. Suggest a suitable title: 👈 Click here

Q10.You wish to join any one of the Indian Armed Forces. Fill in the following application form. 👈 Click here

Q10.You wish to join any one of the Indian Armed Forces. Fill in the following application form.



The Advertiser

N/AF Recruitment Service

Purangaon – 456 789


Rect notice No 1234

  1. Post applied for Navy
  2. Name and surname of Candidate (in Block letters)
  1. Father’s NameRakesh Kumar
    Mother’s NameSwati Kumar
  2. Date of Birth12 January 1999
  3. Contact details:
    Tel. No.(Res) – __________
    Mobile number – xxxxxxxx10
    Email ID – xxxxxxxxxxxx
  4. Permanent Address:
    House No./Street/Village – C-2/302, Sai palace,
    Post Office –   ____    ____
    District – Palghar
    State – Maharashtra

    Pincode – xxxxxx
  5. Educational Qualifications:
SerialNumberQualificationName of School/CollegeName of Board/UniversityPercentage obtained
E12563SSCAbhaya SchoolMaharashtra state Board81%
M45896HSCSaint JosephMaharashtra state Board74%
  1. Whether registered at any employment exchange Yes/ No No
    (If yes, mention registration number and the name of the Employment Exchange.)
  2. Outstanding achievements in extra-curricular activities/ sports/ games, etc.

Why you wish to join Armed Forces- xxxxxxxxxx

Q9.Develop a story suitable to the conclusion end given below. Suggest a suitable title:

Conclusion: ….. and so, with tears of joy and pride, the 10-year-old Sanyogita More received the National Bravery Award from the Prime Minister.


A wonderful act of bravery

It was the 26th of July in Mumbai. It was raining cats and dogs. 10-year-old Sanyogita More stood at the door of her hit. The street was flooded with water. Sanyogita was frightened. Her parents had not returned from work and she was all alone.

Suddenly, she saw two little boys, Rohan and Sohan, come out from the neighbouring hut to play in the water. As Sanyogita watched, there came a sudden gush of water and the boys were dragged towards an open manhole, which had been marked with a huge stick. They caught hold of the stick, but the stick began to tilt. It would soon fall and the boys would go down the manhole!

Sanyogita ran as fast as she could towards the boys. Pulling a rope from a nearby door, she looped it around a large stone. She held onto the rope and extended her hand towards the boys. “Catch my hand. Sohan, Rohan.” she shouted. “Catch! Catch soon!”

The boys were in a panie but they did as they were told. Sohan held Rohan’s leg. Rohan held Sanyogita’s hand, and Sanyogita held onto the rope, “Help! Help! she shouted, knowing that if the rope broke or the stone was dislodged, they would all go into the manhole.

She stood there shivering her arms numb, for nearly 15 minutes before help arrived. Sanyogita collapsed after the incident. The news of her brave deed spread far and wide, and reached the ears of the Prime Minister, who decided to honour her with an award. And so, with tears of joy and pride, the 10-year-old Sanyogita More received the National Bravery Award from the Prime Minister.

Q8.Glance through the text and prepare notes from the information that you get. Take only relevant points. Don’t use sentences. Arrange the points in the same order. You may use symbols or short forms. Present the points sequentially. Use highlighting techniques.


Air Force Marshal Arjan Singh-Icon of India’s

Military History- 

  • Date of Birth: 15 April, 1919
  • Qualifications: Empire Pilot Training Course at RAF (Cranwell)
  • Responsibilities: first assignment to fly Westland Wapiti biplanes in No.1 RIAF Squadron a brief stint in No.2 RIAF Squadron: moved back to No.1 RIAF Squadron as Flying Officer overall commander of Shiksha’ led the IAF during the 1965 Indo-Pak war led a squadron against the Japanese during the Arakan Campaign: assisted the advance of Allied Forces to Yangoon led a fly past on August 15, 1947 commanded Ambala in the rank of Group.

Captain – took over as AOC of an operational command

• took over reins of the IAF

• ambassador to Switzerland: Lieutenant Governor of Delhi

  • Achievements:

• selected for the Empire Pilot Training Course at

RAF (Cranwell) in 1938, at age 19

• promoted to rank of Squadron Leader in 1944

• led a fly-past over the Red Fort on August 15, 1947 promoted to rank of Wing Commander: promoted to rank of Air Commodore in 1949

• longest tenure as AOC 19491952 and 1957.


• appointed as Deputy Chief of Air Staff at the end of the 1962 war: appointed as Vice Chief of Air Staff in 1963

• rank of Air Marshal in August 1964; took over reins of IAF

• successfully led the IAF in 1965 Indo-Pak war

• promoted as Air Vice Marshal; appointed as

AOC-in-C of an operational command

• first Air Chief to keep his flying currency till his CAS rank: has flown more than 60 different types of aircraft

• first and only Air Chief Marshal of the IAF

  • Awards:

Distinguished Flying Cross (1944) Padma Vibhushan

  • After retirement:

Ambassador to Switzerland; Lieutenant Governor of Delhi9.

Q7.(B)The following Homographs have the same spelling and pronunciation; but can have different meanings. Make sentences of your own to show the difference.



(a)firmMy neighbour recently joined an electronics firm as Sales Executive.
Many people feel that they must be firm with their children when they are growing
(b)trainThe train left from platform 2 at sevenp.m. sharp
You must always train your pets to obey you.
(c)typeThe man asked his secretary to type the letter immediately.
Cows eat only a particular type of grass.
(d)postMy aunt quit her job because she felt that the post was not suitable for her.
The little boy ran to the post office to post the letter to Santa Claus.
(e)currentThe minister was disturbed when he read about the current situation of unrest in the country.
It is a difficult task to row against the current in a river.



(a)ledpast participle of lead (to guide or conduct)The captain led his team to safety.
leadgraphite used as part of a pencilDo you have a lead pencil?
(b)rolea part (in a play, film, etc.)Marie got the leading role in the new movie.
rollmove in a particular direction by turning over and overThe boy wanted to roll in the mud while playing
(c)airthe invisible gaseous substance surrounding the earthThere is a lot of humidity in the air during the monsoon.
heirsuccessor or inheritorThe family did not know who the heir to the property was.
(d)feata great achievementClimbing Mt.Everest is a feat.
feeta unit of measurement rule as king or queenThe girl saw to her shock that the lion was only a few feet away.
(e)reignrule as king or queenQueen Elizabeth’s reign has been along one.
reinControlShe can rein the situation.
rainWater from skyThey went outside to enjoy the rain.

Q6.Build the word wall with the words related to ‘Military’.



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