|(i) India’s economy depends largely on agriculture and industries of oil, metals, etc.||(i) Brazil’s economy depends largely on its natural resources.|
|(ii) The current population of India is approximately 1300 million.||(ii) The current population of Brazil is approximately 210 million.|
|(iii) The capital of India is New Delhi.||(iii) The capital of Brazil is Brasilia.|
|(iv) The national flag consists of three horizontal bands of saffron, white, and green. The blue chakra in the center can (on the white band) has 24 spokes in the wheel. The saffron band stands for courage. sacrifice and renunciation. The white band stands for purity and truth. The green band stands for faith and fertility. The blue chakra stands for the wheel of Law and Dharma.||(iv) The national flag is green in color, with a large yellow diamond in the middle. This diamond has a blue globe with 27 stars. There is also a white line that passes through the globe which bears the motto: ORDER E PROGRESSO. This stands for order and progress. On the modern flag. The green color Stands for the forests, and the yellow diamond stands for minerals (or natural resources that shaped the country’s economy. The blue globe with the stars stands for the sky or number of states. This design is inspired by the previous banner of the Empire of Brazil in 1822.|
|(v) The Indian national anthem is Jana Gana Mana. The lyrics and music were given by Rabindranath Tagore in 1950.||(v) The Brazilian national anthem is Hino Nacional Brasileiro. The lyrics and music were given by Joaquim Osorio Duque-Estrada and Francisco Manual da Silva respectively.|
|(vi) Environmental issues include air pollution from vehicles and industries, lack of sufficient natural resources due to overpopulation, water pollution due to sewage and pesticide, overgrazing, forestation, etc.||(vi) Environmental issues include air and water pollution, improper mining activities, illegal wildlife trade, oil spills, loss of wetlands, deforestation, etc.|
It is mainly located in the southern hemisphere while some of its parts also lie in the northern and western hemispheres
Tropic of Cancer is the circle marking the latitude 23.5 degrees north.
It passes through the middle of India.
It passes through eight states of India – Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura, Mizoram.
The longitudinal extent of Brazil is more than India.
The longitudinal extent of India is approximately 30 degrees where the same of Brazil is 39 degrees
The Equator passes through the northern part of Brazil.
The Equator is also known as 0-degree latitude.
Brazil has a coastline along the North and South Atlantic Ocean.
Pakistan is a neighbouring country to the north west of India.
The southern part of India is called Peninsula.
Peninsula is the region surrounded by water from the majority of its sides.
Brazil gained its independence in 1822 from Portuguese.
But it was under the populist military government after independence and also faced global financial difficulties.
There was an issue of maintaining unity within the nation.
Apart from that, it faced many problems due to the large size of the country.
It was difficult to provide facilities to the deepest parts as the Amazon Jungle, central plateau or the northeast desert.
Slavery was a big issue for all American countries.
Slaves were an intrinsic part of Brazil, but they had many costs, this kind of economy structure made it harder for the country to develop.
India had a major issue of communal violence due to a partition on the basis of religion.
There was widespread bloodshed on both sides.
Resettlement of the displaced people was a big issue.
There was a need to focus on agriculture which was completely exploited by the Britishers.
Apart from this, India too faced the issue of maintaining unity among different states and among people of different faiths.
India and Brazil are two resourceful countries that were ruled by foreign governments for a long time.
Upon winning independence, the countries suffered from problems.
|Location||Northern and Eastern Hemisphere||Southern and Western Hemisphere|
|Ocean||Indian Ocean||North and South Atlantic Ocean|
|Latitude line passes||Tropic of Cancer||Equator and tropic of copricorn|
The Latitudinal extent of India is 8°4’N to 37°6’N. The Longitudinal extent of India is 68°7’E to 97°25’E.
The Latitudinal extent of Brazil is 5°15’N to 33°45’S. The Longitudinal extent of Brazil is 34°45’E to 73°48’W