ebhalbharathi | Aster Classes

Chapter 6, into the wild, english, prpse, hsc,12th std, maharashtra board, ebhalbharathi, new edition, 1.6,

Chapter 1. Into the Wild

1.Narrate in your class any of the incidents of your life when you were extremely terrified or awestruck.

SOLUTION

I used to reside in the town of Mahad for a few years of my childhood. I was in 6th standard when this terrifying incident took place. The nearby Savitri River was flooded due to incessant rains and floodwater had entered into our town. By sunset that evening, the water level was at the 1 st floor of my building where my flat was on the 2nd floor. It was turning dark and the water level was threatening to rise even further. We were hoping that the water does not enter our homes. Fortunately by midnight the water started to recede and our home was saved. The floods of that year had wreaked havoc in the town of Mahad. For me the entire experience was an unsettling one as if it were a bad dream.

2.Complete the given table regarding the factors/situations/reasons – why you sometimes get scared and the factors that add to it. Give possible solutions.

ReasonsFactors which add to itSolutions
While discussing about strange creaturesAt midnight/In the absence of parentsAvoid such discussions/ stories as they are baseless
   
   

SOLUTION

ReasonsFactors which add to itSolutions
While discussing about strange creaturesAt midnight/In the absence of parentsAvoid such discussions/ stories as they are baseless
The thought of drowning in water.While travelling in a ferry/boat in turbulent seasLearn swimming under correct supervision
Travelling aloneAt nightAvoid secluded areas/Always keep someone informed of your whereabouts

3.Given below are various activities which your can pursue as your hobby, passion, or profession. Complete the table accordingly.

Sr.noActivitiesHobbyPassionProfessionReason/Challenge/Both
1.Painting(R) I can express myself well through the strokes of brush
2.Travelling(R) In tourism, there is great demand for professional tourist
3.Wild life photography   (C) In the age of computers limited professional scope
4.Conserving environment    
5.Bird watching    

SOLUTION

Sr.noActivitiesHobby9ProfessionReason/Challenge/Both
1.Painting(R) I can express myself well through the strokes of brush
2.Travelling(R) In tourism, there is great demand for professional tourist
3.Wild life photography(C) In the age of computers limited professional scope
4.Conserving environment(R) Conserving environment is the need of the hour when climate change is critically affecting our planet
5.Bird watching×(R) Birdwatching is a soothing and satisfying activity(C) Some of the unique species of birds are found only in dense and untrodden forests

4.Match the following ‘Wild-Life Sanctuaries’ with their locations.

Wild life sanctuary Location
1. Bandipur National Park(a) Uttarakhand
2. Kaziranga National Park(b) Madhya Pradesh
3. Jim Corbet National Park(c) Karnataka
4. Ranthambore National Park(d) Assam
5. Kanha National Park(e) Rajasthan

SOLUTION

Wild life sanctuary Location
1. Bandipur National Park(c) Karnataka
2. Kaziranga National Park(d) Assam
3. Jim Corbet National Park(a) Uttarakhand
4. Ranthambore National Park(e) Rajasthan
5. Kanha National Park(b) Madhya Pradesh

1.In pairs, discuss the professions and challenges one can take happily if one is really passionate about the job.

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.


2.In groups, organise a role-play activity associated with ‘Wild Life Expert’/ ‘Wild Life Photographer’/‘Wild Life Conservator’, explaining the differences and similarities involved in their profession.

SOLUTION

The characters in the role-play activity can take the help of the following pointers to interact amongst themselves.

What is the nature of their jobs?

Why did they choose their respective professions?

What is the most satisfying thing about their profession?

How can they contribute to each other in their professions?

What are the risks involved in their respective professions?

Which persons/organizations do they often come in contact with?

4.Arrange the following incidents in proper sequential order as they have occurred in Part-I:

(a) Writer realized that he was lost in the woods.

(b) The Langurs saw the leopard.

(c) The author was moving from the jungle as quietly as possible, finding his way through the thicket.

(d) The author met a villager.

SOLUTION

The following incidents in proper sequential order as they have occurred in Part-I are:

(a) The author was moving from the jungle as quietly as possible, finding his way through the thicket.

(b) The Langurs saw the leopard.

(c) The author met a villager.

(d) Writer realized that he was lost in the woods

Correct the false statement.

1.Earlier Shaaz was in the field of finance.

SOLUTION

Shaaz chose career dedicated to wildlife over that in finance.

2.BCRTI was founded out of the genuine urge to conserve the habitat of the wild life.

SOLUTION

BCRTI was founded out of the genuine urge to educate the villagers who live on the fringe of the forest on the importance of wildlife conservation.

3.Shaaz failed to utilize the finance incurred out of tourism.

SOLUTION

Shaaz has been successful in putting the finance incurred out of tourism to good use.

4.According to the local agriculturist seeing is more essential than listening.

SOLUTION

According to the local agriculturist listening is more essential than seeing.

1.Complete the given web.

SOLUTION

Signs of the vicinity of the village:

  • droppings of the blue bulls nearby
  • sight of lantern of Rajiram Bhalavi’s farm and loudspeakers installed for Keshav Bhalavi’s marriage.
  • sounds of people talking on the loudspeaker.
  • spotting the village lake and the familiar ‘Suihudaki’ hillock.

2.Complete the following.

SOLUTION

Following are the responsibilities handled by Shaaz:

1. Shaaz created BRCTI to educate villagers who live on fringe of the forest on the importance of conservation.

2. Shaaz ensures that the tourist currency is put to good use, under the BRCTI umbrella.

3. Shaaz provides locals with vocational training so that they can benefit from the tourist currency.

4. Shaaz enables locals to acquire skills from the visitors to his resort.

3.Complete the flow-chart stating the reactions of the petrified Langurs due to the presence of the leopard.

SOLUTION

4.Complete the web, describing each step taken by the writer as a solitary traveller while moving in the jungle with great precaution:

SOLUTION

5.Complete the table explaining the qualities that you would like to imbibe from Nature within yourself and provide the reasons for the same:

FromQualityReasons
Trees  
Streams  

SOLUTION

TreesThe quality of selfless serviceTrees often give back more to the environment than they take from it. They do so without expecting anything in return. I would like to imbibe such selfless character of the tree
The quality of shedding leaves annuallyI would like to imbibe the quality of trees of giving up anything that does not serve any purpose and thereby not holding on to the past
StreamsThe quality to change course if requiredI would like to be flexible like a stream and adapt to any situation. I should be able to explore other options than giving up on an obstacle.
The quality to selfpurify from contamination during its own course.Similar to a stream, I would like to analyse my mistakes and correct them on my own through the course of my life.

Choose appropriate phrases/expressions from the extract given in the options and fill in the blank appropriately. 

1.I was on diet for some days but today I am going to eat _______.

Options
  • time and again
  • to my heart’s content
  • frantic speed
  • in a jiffy

2.Every mother scolds her children _______ for the overuse of the mobile phone.

Options
  • time and again
  • to my heart’s content
  • frantic speed
  • in a jiffy

3.All their educational problems were sorted out _______ because of the funds given by an NGO.

Options
  • time and again
  • to my heart’s content
  • in a jiffy
  • frantic speed

4.Raj ran at a _______ to catch the train.

Options
  • time and again
  • to my heart’s content
  • in a jiffy
  • frantic speed

1.Begin the following sentence with the word given in the bracket.

I can guide visitors.   (Visitors)

SOLUTION

Visitors can be guided by me.

2.Begin the following sentence with the word given in the bracket.

Animals are paying me back.  (I)

SOLUTION

I am being paid back by the animals.

3.Begin the following sentence with the word given in the bracket.

The behaviour of the Black Panther is being documented. (They)

SOLUTION

They are documenting the behaviour of the Black Panther.

4.Begin the following sentence with the word given in the bracket.

All the research on the animal has been done through camera traps.  (They)

SOLUTION

They have done all the research on the animal through camera traps.

5.Begin the following sentence with the word given in the bracket.

Madegowda is employed by The Bison.  (The Bison)

SOLUTION

The Bison has employed Madegowda.

6.Begin the following sentence with the word given in the bracket.

The surroundings were reminding me.  (I)

SOLUTION

I was being reminded by the surroundings.

7.Begin the following sentence with the word given in the bracket.

Raju was amazed at my solitary visits to Umbarzara. (My solitary)

SOLUTION

My solitary visits to Umbarzara amazed Raju.

8.Begin the following sentence with the word given in the bracket.

I found a bright red soil trail. (A)

SOLUTION

A bright red soil trail was founded by me.

9.Begin the following sentence with the word given in the bracket.

Older leopards like Pardus carry away livestock from villages. (Livestock)

SOLUTION

Livestock from villages is carried away by older leopards like Pardus.

10.Begin the following sentence with the word given in the bracket.

I have lost almost 80 percent of a season’s yield of sugarcane. (80 percent)

SOLUTION

80 percent of a season’s yield of sugarcane has been lost by me.

11.Begin the following sentence with the word given in the bracket.

Tracking an animal also teaches you life lessons.   (Life lessons)

SOLUTION

Life lessons are also taught by tracking an animal.

12.Begin the following sentence with the word given in the bracket.

Many things have been taught to me by the forests.  (The forests)

SOLUTION

The forests have taught me many things.

13.Begin the following sentence with the word given in the bracket.

Resentment among locals towards the animals is created by this. (This)

SOLUTION

This creates resentment among locals towards the animals.

1.Rewrite the sentence by using ‘not only ….. but also’:

The petrified Langurs speeded to the trees near and far and secured their places on the tree tops.

SOLUTION

The petrified Langurs not only speeded to the trees near and far but also secured their places on the tree tops

2.Rewrite the sentence by using ‘not only ….. but also’:

Umbarzara is the haven for Tigers, Leopards and Sloth Bears.

SOLUTION

Umbarzara is the haven not only for Tigers and Leopards but also for Sloth Bears.

3.Rewrite the sentence by using ‘not only ….. but also’:

I crossed the cement pillar and stones stacked by the Forest Development Corporation.

SOLUTION

I crossed not only the cement pillar but also the stones stacked by the Forest Development Corporation.

1.Your college has decided to celebrate the World Environment Day. Mr Kiran Purandare has been invited as the ‘Chief Guest’ for the event. Imagine you are the Secretary of the ‘Nature Club’ of your college and you have to conduct an interview of Mr Kiran Purandare. Frame 8/10 questions for the same.

SOLUTION

Below is the list of questions I would ask Mr. Kiran Purandare in an interview.

i. What inspired you to become a wildlife activist?

ii. What are the problems that you face as an environmentalist?

iii. Can you narrate a few memorable incidents from your days in Nagzira?

iv. What is the biggest lesson that you have learned from nature?

v. What do you consider as your greatest achievement to date?

vi. How big a role can social media play in wildlife conservation?

vii. What is the biggest threat to wildlife today?

viii. Do you think the government is taking enough measures to conserve wildlife habitat? If not, what can it do differently?

ix. What is the vision and mission of Nisarg Wedh Organisation that you have founded?

x. What message would you like to give to students like us?

2.Imagine you have visited the jungles of Nagarhole. Write a report, to be published in your college magazine / in a local newspaper.

SOLUTION

Jungles of Nagarhole

11th January 2020                         

Komal Mehta

                               (Student Reporter)

     As a part of their annual study tour, students of SYJC, Science, Division I, visited the Nagarhole National park of Karnataka, also known as the Rajiv Gandhi National Park. The three-day visit that started on 1th January was supervised by Sawant Sir of Physics department and accompanied by the support staff. 71 students from the division had enrolled for the tour and were accommodated in ‘the Bison’ resort situated within the wildlife reserve. On day one, the students attended a workshop on wildlife of Nagarhole that was conducted by the Head Warden of the National Park. The students were also briefed about the precautions to be taken during their safari on the following day.

     On the second day of the visit, students were divided into 4 groups to proceed for Jungle safari, each group headed by a local tour guide. They were successful in spotting big cats as well as other wild animals. Students were asked to take photographs and note their observations of the wildlife of Nagarhole. Day three of the tour was solely allotted to fun and recreational activities. Upon returning every student was expected to prepare a presentation about their visit.

      Students learnt a great deal about the rich wildlife reserve of our country and returned with a pledge to sincerely devote to the cause of its conservation. All in all, the visit to the jungles of Nagarhole was a huge success.

3.Shaaz has contributed towards conserving the wild animals and their habitat. Your college has decided to spread the message in society and arrange a rally. Prepare an ‘Appeal’ to ensure maximum participation informing about the day, date, and other relevant details.

SOLUTION

 WILDLIFE CALLING!

Wildlife is mother nature’s greatest treasure. Together we can and we should save it from becoming history.

We, at Shree Dayanand College of Commerce, have arranged a rally to create awareness for wildlife conservation.

The rally shall be flagged off by none other than our beloved, Shaaz Jung!

Come one, come all!

Let us make this initiative a huge success

Time and date: 9.00 am, 15th August 2020

Rally start point: Dayanand Trust Gymkhana

Rally end point: Amphitheatre, Shree Dayanand College of Commerce

4.Nature is a great teacher and a guide. Complete the mind map as instructed as per the titled concept:

SOLUTIO

1.Surf the net and obtain more information about the conservation work done by Shaaz. Prepare posters to inspire others and display them on your college noticeboard.

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.


1.Find out the information about the qualification and eligibility required in the profession related to wild life such as:

Forest officer / Ranger

SOLUTION

To become a forest officer/ ranger, one needs to have a bachelor’s degree in engineering, medical or science, preferably in forestry or agriculture. In India, it is mandatory for the candidates to clear the relevant Civil Services Examination for the post of Forest Officer.

2.Find out the information about the qualification and eligibility required in the profession related to wild life such as:

Wildlife photographer

SOLUTION

To become a wildlife photographer one needs to clear the 10+2 equivalent examination and pursue a diploma/certificate course in wildlife photography. A person having a degree in photography along with relevant field experience can also aspire to become a wildlife photographer.

3.Find out the information about the qualification and eligibility required in the profession related to wildlife such as:

Environmentalist

SOLUTION

To become an environmentalist, one must possess a bachelor’s or master’s degree in environmental sciences or equivalent

4.Find out the information about the qualification and eligibility required in the profession related to wildlife such as:

Geologist

SOLUTION

To become a geologist, one must have at least a bachelor’s degree in Geology. MSC or PhD in geology can serve as an additional qualification.

5.Find out the information about the qualification and eligibility required in the profession related to wildlife such as:

Tour Manager

SOLUTION

To become a tour manager, one must have a diploma or degree in Travel and Tourism management.


                              COMPLETED

Chapter 5, The New Dress, english, hsc,12th std, maharashtra board, ebhalbharathi, new edition,

Chapter 5: The New Dress.

1.Write in Column ‘B’ the description of the clothes you would choose to wear for the occasions given in Column ‘A’.

Column ‘A’Column ‘B’
A birthday party 
A prize distribution ceremony at school 
A picnic 
An entertainment show 

SOLUTION

Column ‘A’Column ‘B’
A birthday partyA pair of jeans and a t-shirt/top
A prize distribution ceremony at schoolSchool uniform/formal shirt and a pair of trousers
A picnicDungaree/A pair of shorts with a t-shirt and a hooded jacket
An entertainment showAn evening dress/Shirt with a pair of trousers and a blazer

2.Discuss the criterion of the choice of your clothes with the help of the following points:

  1. Occasion
  2. Society (people you may meet at the venue)
  3. Availability
  4. Fashion
  5. Your wish/whim
  6. A suggestion or advice by someone (mother, sister, friend, etc.).
  7. Any other than the above mentioned reasons.

SOLUTION

1.Occasion

3. Availability

5. Your wish/whim

1.Divide the class into groups. Discuss the role of costumes in enhancing your personality.

SOLUTION

Costumes or clothes play a very important role in our lives. The clothes that we wear say a lot about the kind of person that we are. People, who don’t know us, can get to know a lot about our personality by the clothes that we wear. Wearing clothes that make us look good, boosts our self-esteem. When we wear clothes that are comfortable, they help us to be at ease with respect to the environment as well as company. We may never notice this, but clothes also affect our mood. When we wear clothes that we don’t really like or find uncomfortable, it reflects in the way we conduct ourselves. We become more conscious and critical of ourselves. It is thus very important to choose the right costume for the right occasion because when we dress right, we feel comfortable and confident in our skin. This comfort and confidence then enhance our personality.

State whether you agree or disagree with the following statement and discuss the reason.

1.A simple dress makes one’s personality look dull.

Options
  • Agree
  • Disagree

2.We should not judge ourselves from the comments we receive from others.

Options
  • Agree
  • Disagree

3.A fashionable and costly dress makes you look rich, intelligent and beautiful.

Options
  • Agree
  • Disagree

4.We should choose a dress according to the fashion rather than our choice.

Options
  • Agree
  • Disagree

1.Narrate in your words the picture imagined by Mabel as she thinks herself in the party as a fly at the edge of the saucer.

SOLUTION

Mabel told herself that she and everyone else were flies trying to crawl over the edge of a saucer. She could then picture a saucer of milk and flies trying to crawl out of the saucer with their wings stuck together. However, no matter how hard she tried, she could not picture the other people as flies. Even in her imagination, the other people appeared as beautiful insects, while she alone looked like a fly dragging herself out of the saucer.

2.There are a few other characters mentioned in the story. Discuss the way their reactions help us to understand the inferiority complex of Mabel.

SOLUTION

  1. Mrs. Barnet:
    As soon as Mabel takes off her cloak, Mrs. Barnet tries to draw her attention towards the various appliances needed to tidy one’s hair, clothes, etc., Mabel panics and the first thought that comes to her mind is that her dress is awful, just as she suspected.
  2. Rose Shaw:
    She compliments Mabel by telling her that her dress looked perfectly charming. However, Mabel’s low self-worth makes her think that Rose is simply trying to mock her by sarcastically complimenting her dress.
  3. Robert Haydon:
    As Mabel thinks out loud that she looks like a dowdy, decrepit, dingy old fly, Robert stops to hear her. He thinks that Mabel is trying to reassure herself by saying this, so that she can feel that she is detached, witty and did not feel out of anything. He, therefore, says something quite polite to Mabel, which she misinterprets as insincere. She cannot comprehend that someone can actually say something genuinely nice to her and therefore she thinks of it as a lie.
  4. Miss Milan:
    Mabel’s low regard of self can be witnessed when one small comment from Miss Milan overwhelms her to the extent that she is moved to tears thinking about the patient and enduring side of the nature of humans.
  5. Charles Burt:
    Mabel is already vulnerable when she tells Charles that her dress is old-fashioned. Though she tries to cover up by saying that she was talking about the picture, Charles is already annoyed and announces that “Mabel’s got a new dress”. But to Mabel, who is already vulnerable, this feels as though she has been humiliated in front of everyone; as if she is the fly again and has been pushed back into the saucer. She depicts Charles in a negative light, almost as a villain, though that is not the case. Mabel’s insecurities have made her feel that everyone around her dislikes her and her dress.

1.Pick out the sentences from the story which describe the ambience of the party at Mrs. Dalloway’s place.

SOLUTION

Sentences from the story which describe the ambience of the party at Mrs. Dalloway’s place are:

  1. … as she took her cloak off and Mrs. Barnet, while handing her the mirror and touching the brushes and thus drawing her attention, perhaps rather markedly, to all the appliances for tidying and improving hair, complexion, clothes, which existed on the dressing table…
  2. …as she greeted Clarissa Dalloway, she went straight to the far end of the room, to a shaded corner where a looking-glass hung and looked.
  3. …oh these men, oh these women, all were thinking…
  4. Rose herself being dressed in the height of the fashion, precisely like everybody else, always.
  5. …slouched across the room, positively slinking, as if she were a beaten mongrel, and looked at a picture, an engraving.
  6. “It’s so old-fashioned,” she said to Charles Burt, making him stop (which by itself he hated) on his way to talk to someone else.
  7. (“Rather ruffled?” he said and went on to laugh at her with some woman over there)
  8. Then Mrs. Holman, seeing her standing there, bore down upon her.
  9. …all the time she could see little bits of her yellow dress in the round looking-glass which made them all the size of boot-buttons or tadpoles…
  10. …if she had been dressed like Rose Shaw, in lovely, clinging green with a ruffle of swansdown, she would have deserved that…
  11. Mabel Waring, left alone on the blue sofa, punching the cushion in order to look occupied, for she would not join Charles Burt and Rose Shaw, chattering like magpies and perhaps laughing at her by the fireplace

2.Mabel is thinking too much of her dress. Propose five sentences supporting the above statement.

SOLUTION

  1. She could not face the whole horror – the pale yellow, idiotically old fashioned silk dress with its long skirt and its high sleeves and its waist and all the things that looked so charming in the fashion book, but not on her, not among all these ordinary people.
  2. I feel like some dowdy, decrepit, horribly dingy old fly.
  3. She faced herself straight in the glass; she pecked at her left shoulder; she issued out into the room, as if spears were thrown at her yellow dress from all sides.
  4. It’s so old-fashioned.
  5. But in her yellow dress to-night she could not wring out one drop more; she wanted it all, all for herself
  6. It seemed to her that the yellow dress was a penance which she had deserved.

2.2Conchology means the scientific study or collection of mollusc shell. Refer to the dictionary and find out the meaning of Archaeology.

SOLUTION

Archaeology:

It is the scientific study of human life and activities of the past through the excavation of sites and analysis of the material remains.

3.Critically analyse Mabel’s weak economic conditions in the past as one of the reasons that led her to choose the old-fashioned dress.

SOLUTION

Mabel came from a family of ten that never had enough money. As a child who did not have much in life, Mabel must have looked at the pretty women in the Paris fashion book and she must have mused dressing like them someday when she could afford that kind of money. Children are very impressionable and the glamorous pictures must have been imprinted in Mabel’s mind. In contrast to her family’s poor condition, the models might have looked like the epitome of beauty and elegance. In her desire to be elegant like those women in the fashion book, Mabel must have decided upon the old-fashioned dress. Another reason could have been Mabel’s current financial condition. We can see that Mabel does think about choosing a fashionable dress, but she knows that it cost her at least “thirty guineas”. Knowing well enough that she won’t be able to afford that kind of money, Mabel must have decided to go with the “old is gold” approach.

4.The cause of Miss Mabel’s disappointment is not only her poor background in the past but her too much bookishness also. Substantiate

SOLUTION

From the second that Mabel arrives at the party, she obsesses over her dress and drives herself crazy thinking that everyone at the party is talking about her. Though her inferiority complex stems from the fact that she comes from a poor background, it cannot be denied that her bookishness, too, had a role to play in her disappointment. The first instance is when Mabel sleeps after reading Borrow or Scoot and wakes up at night battling with the intensity that people were commenting on the hideousness of her dress. We can also see, on multiple occasions, that Mabel keeps repeating tags and phrases from Shakespeare and lines from books that she had read long ago, to overcome the agony she feels due to her dowdy dress. Her “flies trying to get out of the saucer” theory is another way of escaping reality by imagining everyone as flies or insects. Whether it is imagining Rose Shaw as Boadicea or thinking that a party makes things much more real or much less real, her beliefs come from the books that she has read. Reading gives her pleasure and the moments that she spends reading are divine for her. Even at the end, when she decides to transform herself, she thinks of reading books to achieve that goal. Thus, it can be concluded that Mabel’s disappointment was not just the result of her poor background, but also her tendency to remain in the world of imagination, thereby making it difficult for her to come to terms with reality.

5.Do you appreciate Mabel’s tendency of deciding her own value from the comments given by others? Explain your views.

SOLUTION

No, I do not appreciate Mabel’s tendency of deciding her own value from the comments given by others. Mabel has a very low opinion of herself and that is the reason why she seeks validation from others around her. She holds everyone, but herself, in high regard. However, Mabel is unable to take a compliment when she is given one, because of her over-analytical nature. She is so low on confidence that she thinks people are disguising their insults as compliments and lying to her. Instead Mabel should have risen above what other people think of her and she should have been comfortable in her own skin. We should never judge our self-worth by other people’s opinions of us. This will only make us more critical of ourselves and in turn make us lose confidence is our abilities.

Write the synonyms for the word ‘dress’ by filling appropriate letters in the blank.

1.__ t t __ r __

SOLUTION

a t t i r e

2.Write the synonyms for the word ‘dress’ by filling appropriate letters in the blank. 

__ __ r __ __

SOLUTION

a r r a y

3.Write the synonyms for the word ‘dress’ by filling appropriate letters in the blank.

__ __  __ t __ __ e

SOLUTION

c o s t u m e/ c o u t u r e

4.Write the synonyms for the word ‘dress’ by filling appropriate letters in the blank.

__ __ r __ __  __ t

SOLUTION

g a r m e n t

5.Write the synonyms for the word ‘dress’ by filling appropriate letters in the blank. 

__ __ t __  __ t

SOLUTION

o u t f i t

1.Conchology means the scientific study or collection of mollusc shell. Refer to the dictionary and find out the meaning of Etymology.

SOLUTION

Etymology:

It is the study of the origin of words and the development in their meanings throughout history.

Use the correct tense form of the verb given in the bracket and rewrite the sentence.

1.She ________ that old fashion book of her mother a few months back.

Options
  • take
  • takes
  • took
  • had taken

2.She ________ at her left shoulder for quite some time.

Options
  • pecking
  • pecks
  • pecked

3.One human should _______ this for another always.

Options
  • done
  • doing
  • be doing

4.All this ________ destroyed in a few years.

Options
  • will be
  • is
  • have been

5.She ______ like a dressmaker’s dummy standing there.

Options
  • feels
  • felt
  • will be feeling

Do as directed.

1.Lata will sing tonight.  (Make it less certain)

SOLUTION

Lata may/might sing tonight.

2.You should wear your uniform.  (Show ability)

SOLUTION

You can/could wear your uniform.

3.Sandeep may study to clear the examination. (Make it obligatory/compulsory) 

SOLUTION

Sandeep ought to study to clear the examination.

4.I can do it.  (Make a sentence seeking permission)

SOLUTION

May I do it?

1.Frame three rules for the students of your college.

SOLUTION

  1. Students must not use mobile phones in the college premises.
  2. Students must wear their ID cards while inside the college.
  3. Students must adhere to the dress code of the college.

2.Frame three sentences giving advice to your younger brother.

SOLUTION

  1. You should inform us if you plan to stay out late.
  2. You should always say ‘Thank you’ when someone helps you.
  3. You should ensure that others don’t get hurt because of your words or actions.

Fill in the blank with appropriate modal auxiliaries according to the situation given in the following sentence.

1.Take an umbrella. It _______ rain later.

SOLUTION

Take an umbrella. It may rain later.

2.People _______ walk on the grass.

SOLUTION

People should not walk on the grass.

3._______ I ask you a question?

SOLUTION

May I ask you a question?

4.The signal has turned red. You _______ wait.

SOLUTION

The signal has turned red. You must wait.

5.I am going to the library. I _______ find my friend there.

SOLUTION

I am going to the library. I might find my friend there.

1.Read the sentence ‘we are all like flies….’. The paragraph describes the dejected thoughts that Miss Mabel carries in her mind. All the earlier paragraphs are in a continuity of a storyline. The next paragraph begins with, ‘I feel like….’ again resumes to a story. The author has moved in the mind of the character and out of it very smoothly without any intimation or change in the language or tense. Similarly, she has moved in the past years of Miss Mabel’s life. This is called ‘stream of consciousness’ technique.

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.

2.Read the sentence from the text  What a hideous new dress!

This is an exclamation. It can be written as a simple sentence ‘The new dress is very hideous.’

Find out few more exclamatory sentences from the passage and transform them into assertive sentences.

SOLUTION

1. What a fright she looks!

Ans: She looks like such a fright.

2. How dull!

Ans: It is so dull.

3.Virginia Woolf has created many characters other than Miss Mabel with great skill. Write a character sketch of any one of them.

SOLUTION

Mrs. Dalloway, a novel by Virginia Woolf, was first published in 1925. Clarissa Dalloway, who has been introduced in this chapter as the woman who hosted the party that Mabel attended, is the protagonist of Mrs. Dalloway. This novel by Woolf also follows the stream of consciousness narrative.

Character Sketch of Mrs. Dalloway

Clarissa Dalloway is a pale and delicate upper-class lady in her fifties. She is a smart, loving, compassionate, and vibrant woman, who likes to host parties and thinks of her parties as a ‘gift’ to the society. As a woman with high social standing, she conducts herself in a way that is expected of her. Though she seems superficial, Clarissa is actually quite thoughtful and appreciates the little joys of life. She is sceptical and full of melancholy as she lives each day being fully aware of death and the darkness that surrounds her life. Married to a politician, Richard Dalloway, she questions whether she made the right choice all those years ago, when she rejected Peter Walsh to marry Richard, so that she could enjoy the perks of the high society, something that Peter could have never offered her. She even thinks about her attraction towards her friend Sally Seton thirty years ago. She lives her life dwelling on the past and thinks about how her decisions have shaped her life. This constant obsession with her history in regards to Peter and Sally overshadows her happy memories. In her youth, she was a lively and free-spirited girl, but with age she has become restrained and conventional. A complicated woman, who treasures her independence and loves her relationships, Clarissa Dalloway is the perfect example of ‘still waters run deep’

4.‘Clothes mean nothing until someone lives in them.’ Expand the idea in your own words.

SOLUTION

Clothing is one of the basic necessities for humans all around the world. With a variety of fabrics, colours, textures, prints, patterns, and designs, our clothes speak volumes about our personality. They go a long way in creating a good first impression. However, clothes, in all their abundance, mean nothing until owned or worn by someone. Clothes that make a person feel lively and comfortable serve their purpose, because clothes are not just about what’s on the outside, but also about what’s on the inside. A sad or depressed mood leads us towards dark colours; and similarly, a good mood, steers us towards bright colours. Clothes are a medium of communication that needs no words. Thus, clothes that don’t make us feel in our element are not the right kind of clothes. After all, it is the person that adds meaning to the clothes and not the other way around.

Go to library and read the following book:

1.‘A Haunted House’ by Virginia Woolf

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.

2.‘Mrs. Dalloway’ by Virginia Woolf

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.

1.Find out information about career opportunities in the following field:

Fashion designing

SOLUTION

Fashion designing:

The fashion industry is one of the most lucrative industries. With a variety of undergraduate and diploma courses available in fashion designing, one can choose to become a fashion designer, a retail buyer, a retail manager, a stylist, a personal shopper or a fashion blogger. The institutes offering fashion design courses in Mumbai are  ISDI School of Design and Innovation, National Institute of Fashion Technology, International Institute of Fashion Design, among others.

2.Find out information about career opportunities in the following field:

Dress designing

SOLUTION

Dress designing:

Dress designing or costume designing is a part of fashion designing and involves researching fashion trends and creating patterns and introducing fabrics into the market. Pattern making, draping, tailoring, etc. are some of the areas that a dress designer needs to master. There are a lot of courses available for this specific branch under fashion designing, which teach the principles and processes of the fashion industry, computer programs used for dress design, the knowledge of materials, workforce leadership and the understanding of industrial equipment. Institutes offering fashion designing courses also provide dress or textile design courses.

3.Find out information about career opportunities in the following field:

Textile industry

SOLUTION

Textile industry:

Textile industry is divided into Spinning, Weaving or Knitting, Weaving or Knitting. One needs to take a degree or diploma in textile engineering to enter this industry. The more artistic ones can joins as Textile Designers, however nowadays one needs to be more apt with computer-aided designing to enter this line. Graduates with textile chemistry find careers in dyeing and finishing, technical services, research and development, quality control, product development, polymer science and environmental control. Most graduates of the textile management program initially enter management trainee programs which can ultimately lead to plant or corporate management. Other career options include technical sales, industrial engineering, product development, marketing, customer relations, human resources, and cost and inventory control. So one who has a degree in Textile Engineering can work as: Process engineer, Quality control supervisor, Technical Services/Sales Manager, Operations Trainee, Process Improvement Engineer, Medical Textiles Engineer.

4.Find out information about career opportunities in the following field:

Garment industry

SOLUTION

Garment industry:

The apparel industry is one of the most important sectors of the economy with regard to investment, revenue, and trade and employment generation all over the world. The apparel industry in India has substantially diversified on the basis of fashion, climate, region, culture, and fiscal factors. Indian textile is witnessing great growth and development in the industrial sector in India as well as abroad. The important segments covered in the apparel industry include home decor and furnishings along with clothing and fashion accessories for kids, women, and men. This sector needs skilled people as Pattern Masters, Cutters, Supervisors, Quality Controllers, the high-end job is for Merchandiserswho have to deal with the buyers and keep track of the deliveries. 

5.Find out information about career opportunities in the following field:

Image consultancy

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.

6.Find out information about career opportunities in the following field:

Psychology and Psychiatry

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.


               COMPLETED

Chapter 4, Big Data-Big Insights, english, hsc,12th std, maharashtra board, ebhalbharathi, new edition,

Give business suggestions to the respective industry/company for the following situations.

1.Many passengers prefer morning flights between 7 am and 9 am from Mumbai to Delhi.

Suggestion: ____________

SOLUTION

Suggestion: Increase the number of flights between 7 am and 9 am.

2.Many students are opting for UPSC/MPSC Exams.

Suggestion: ____________________.

SOLUTION

Suggestion: Publish more reference books for UPSC/MPSC Exams.

3.Many people go for morning walk to Kamla Nehru Park.

Suggestion: _______________

SOLUTION

Suggestion: Build more jogging tracks at Kamla Nehru Park.

4.Many people buy clothes from miracle.com an online shopping site

Suggestion: _______________

SOLUTION

Suggestion: Increase the inventory, variety and product offerings of miracle.com.

5.The viewership on television is more between 8 pm and 10 pm.

Suggestion: _______________

SOLUTION

Suggestion: Broadcast most popular TV shows between 8 pm and 10 pm to get maximum advertising revenue.

1.People get information from various sources: Can you name a few?

SOLUTION

1.Youtube has many videos on various things. Listen to the uses and health benefits of ‘Lemon’ and share them with your friends.

SOLUTION

Lemons can be used in various food and beverage preparations. From a simple fresh lime juice to a lemon pie, it’s an ingredient that comes packed with a tangy taste. Some of its health benefits are:

  1. it detoxifies the body
  2. aids in weight loss
  3. promotes heart and kidney health
  4. improves digestion
  5. is a good source of Vitamin C thus boosts immunity.

1.Make point-wise notes from the lesson regarding the uses of Big Data in Location Tracking. Do not write complete sentences.

Location Tracking

(1) _________________

(2) ________________

(3) ________________

(4) ________________

SOLUTION

Location Tracking

(1) Get real time traffic data on congestion

(2) Get updates on route closures and one way

(3) Understand accident prone areas

(4) Identify and track exact location.

2.Make point-wise notes from the lesson regarding the uses of Big Data in the Health Care Industry. Do not write complete sentences.

Health Care Industry

(1) _____________________

(2) _____________________

(3) _____________________

(4) _____________________

SOLUTION

Health Care Industry

(1) Smart watches and health apps collect data to offer personalised solutions

(2) Doctors diagnose diseases faster, find cure as well as maintain patient records

(3) Prevention of disease outbreaks and epidemics

(4) Pharmaceutical companies can create better medicines.

3.Make point-wise notes from the lesson regarding the uses of Big Data in the Education Industry. Do not write complete sentences.

Education Industry

(1) ___________________

(2) __________________

(3) __________________

(4) ___________________

SOLUTION

Education Industry

(1) Provides information about the study patterns of students

(2) Helps develop different study material for different students

(3) Helps in understanding student’s choices and difficulties

(4) Improves the operational effectiveness of educational institutions

1.When you are asked for personal details on social media, what precautions will you take? Discuss in pairs and write down.

SOLUTION

When I am asked for personal details on social media I will take the following precautions:

1. Verify whether the website is legitimate and not a fraud.

2. Ensure if the web browser I am using is personal and private by practising safe browsing.

3. Choose strong passwords and log out once I share the details.

4. I will not download anything or click on links that seem suspicious.

2.Do you think all the data we receive is used for positive things? If ‘No’, make a list of the negative things which can be done with the help of Big Data.

SOLUTION

No, I feel that some of our data is put to negative use as well. A few of the negative things that can be done with the help of Big Data are – identity theft, invasion of privacy, exposing intimate details about someone’s life, phishing, malvertising, spamming and financial frauds.

Guess the meaning of the following idioms and phrases and use them in sentences of your own. One is done for you.

1.One-size-fits-all – suitable for or used in all circumstances

Statement: The wrist watches have adjustable belts, so one- size- fits- all.

‘Once in a blue moon’

SOLUTION

‘Once in a blue moon’ – very rarely

Statement: Raman stays in a different country and calls his parents once in a blue moon.

2.One-size-fits-all – suitable for or used in all circumstances

Statement: The wrist watches have adjustable belts, so one- size- fits- all.

‘One man army’

SOLUTION

One man army – someone who believes that they can do everything on their own.

Statement: Sumit acted as a one man army for his teammates in office.

3.One-size-fits-all – suitable for or used in all circumstances

Statement: The wrist watches have adjustable belts, so one- size- fits- all.

‘Once bitten twice shy’

SOLUTION

Once bitten twice shy – being cautious after an unpleasant experience

Statement: Walking back on the stage was really difficult for me after my first performance was not well received – once bitten twice shy.

4.One-size-fits-all – suitable for or used in all circumstances

Statement: The wrist watches have adjustable belts, so one- size- fits- all.

‘One up on’

SOLUTION

One up on – having an advantage over

Statement: Ameeta always tried to have one up on her brother when it came to impressing their parents.


Do as directed.

1.Advertisers are one of the biggest players in Big Data.

Begin the sentence with ‘Very few _______’

SOLUTION

Very few players are as big as advertisers in Big Data.

1.1Advertisers are one of the biggest players in Big Data.

Use ‘bigger than’ and rewrite the sentence.

SOLUTION

Not many players are bigger than advertisers in Big Data.

1.2.No other diagnosis is as good as the diagnosis done with the help of Big Data.

Use ‘best’ and rewrite the sentence.

SOLUTION

The best diagnosis is done with the help of Big Data.

1.2.No other diagnosis is as good as the diagnosis done with the help of Big Data.

Use ‘better than’ and rewrite the sentence.

SOLUTION

None of the diagnosis is better than the diagnosis done with the help of Big Data.

1.3.These internet giants provide the greatest data about people.

Use ‘greater than’ and rewrite the sentence.

SOLUTION

The data that these internet giants provide about people is greater than any other.

1.3.These internet giants provide the greatest data about people.

Begin the sentence with ‘No other____’

SOLUTION

No other internet giant provides the greatest data about people.

2.1.Read the sentence from the text.

New insights have enabled the banks and finance companies to come up with suitable plans.

This sentence can be rewritten as ‘New insights have enabled the banks as well as finance companies to come up with suitable plans’.

Remember, ‘as well as’ serves the same purpose as that of co-ordinating the conjunction ‘and’ in the sentence. When one of them is inserted in the sentence, other should be removed.

Use ‘as well as’, ‘either …… or’ in the following sentences.

Whatever activity we do online is recorded, monitored and analysed.

SOLUTION

1. Whatever activity we do online is recorded, monitored as well as analysed.

2. Whatever activity we do online is either recorded, or monitored or analysed.

2.2.Read the sentence from the text.

New insights have enabled the banks and finance companies to come up with suitable plans.

This sentence can be rewritten as ‘New insights have enabled the banks as well as finance companies to come up with suitable plans’.

Remember, ‘as well as’ serves the same purpose as that of co-ordinating the conjunction ‘and’ in the sentence. When one of them is inserted in the sentence, other should be removed.

Use ‘as well as’, ‘either …… or’ in the following sentences.

Big Data has been useful in identifying and tracking the exact location of a place.

SOLUTION

1. Big Data has been useful in identifying as well as tracking the exact location of a place.

2. Big Data has been useful in either identifying or tracking the location of a place.

2.3.Read the sentence from the text.

New insights have enabled the banks and finance companies to come up with suitable plans.

This sentence can be rewritten as ‘New insights have enabled the banks as well as finance companies to come up with suitable plans’.

Remember, ‘as well as’ serves the same purpose as that of co-ordinating the conjunction ‘and’ in the sentence. When one of them is inserted in the sentence, other should be removed.

Use ‘as well as’, ‘either …… or’ in the following sentences.

Weather sensors and satellites help us to understand the weather and help in weather forecasting.

SOLUTION

1. Weather sensors as well as satellites help us to understand the weather as well as help in weather forecasting.

2. Either weather sensors or satellites help us to understand the weather and help in weather forecasting.

2.4.Read the sentence from the text.

New insights have enabled the banks and finance companies to come up with suitable plans.

This sentence can be rewritten as ‘New insights have enabled the banks as well as finance companies to come up with suitable plans’.

Remember, ‘as well as’ serves the same purpose as that of co-ordinating the conjunction ‘and’ in the sentence. When one of them is inserted in the sentence, other should be removed.

Use ‘as well as’, ‘either …… or’ in the following sentences.

Big Data helps in monitoring the outbreaks of epidemics and diseases.

SOLUTION

1. Big data helps in monitoring the outbreaks of epidemics as well as diseases.

2. Big data helps in monitoring the outbreaks of either epidemics or diseases.

2.5.Read the sentence from the text.

New insights have enabled the banks and finance companies to come up with suitable plans.

This sentence can be rewritten as ‘New insights have enabled the banks as well as finance companies to come up with suitable plans’.

Remember, ‘as well as’ serves the same purpose as that of co-ordinating the conjunction ‘and’ in the sentence. When one of them is inserted in the sentence, other should be removed.

Use ‘as well as’, ‘either …… or’ in the following sentences.

New insights have enabled the banks and finance companies to come up with suitable plans.

SOLUTION

1. New insights have enabled banks as well as finance companies to come up with suitable plans.

2. New insights have enables either banks or finance companies to come up with suitable plans.

1.Interview the students of your class regarding the career they would like to pursue and the reason for selecting that particular career. Collect the data from your class and analyze the information you have collected.

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.

1.To listen well is as powerful a means of influence as to talk well and is essential to all true conversations. Form a group and have a group discussion on the topic.

Social Media – Curse or Boon

SOLUTION

Moderator:You’ve all been given a few minutes to think on your topic for today’s group discussion, which is ‘Social Media – Curse or Boon’.
Sohil:In today’s day and age, there aren’t many people who are not on social media. It is a platform which helps us to network and to stay connected with our friends and acquaintances. It has made the world smaller and brought people closer together.
Ritesh:I’m afraid I don’t completely agree with that. We may be able to stay connected with our near and dear ones through social media, but this very platform is also the source of many hacking, internet frauds, identity thefts, etc. Thousands of people are duped through such cyber crimes.
Ravi: That is true. But it can’t be denied that social media has changed our lives for the better. It is a wonderful tool which connects like-minded individuals/ groups, thus enabling exchange of ideas, transfer of information, etc. For example, virtual classes and webinars won’t be possible without it.
Sita: I am in agreement with Ravi. Social media can be a boon, but only if it is accessed carefully. As users, we all need to be careful about which sites we visit and with what kind of people we interact. Social media is a complex web of millions of people interfacing at the same time. So, it is not uncommon to come across fraudsters, hackers and the like. If we use social media responsibly, it is definitely a boon.
Pooja:I wish to add something here too. Apart from interacting, social media is also used for spreading awareness, promoting businesses, and providing assistance for various issues or problems faced by the people. Therefore, it would be unfair to term it as a curse when it does so much for the community.
Sita:Oh yes! That is so true. Also, the best part about social media is that it all happens real-time, so there is no delay in communication and with the ever-changing community trends, people are able to keep up with the changing times. Whether it’s the government sharing political news or the media sharing live updates, people always have access to the latest happenings through social media.
Nilesh:That may be the case. But what about when one gets addicted to social media and it begins to affect a person’s social and professional life. With the countless options available to keep us busy on social media, it is not difficult to develop an addiction and to be unable to draw ourselves away from it.
Vikas: True, I could not agree more with Nilesh. With the endless networking sites, community pages, discussion forums, chat rooms, etc. people may get so attracted to social media that it may disrupt their lives.
Moderator:We have almost reached the end of the allocated time. Would anyone like to conclude?
Nilesh:To summarise today’s discussion, social media can be boon or a curse, depending upon how the users access it. If they are responsible in their usage, then social media can definitely be a boon, but carelessness and ignorance while being active on social media can turn it into a curse. Thus, it can be said that social media is a double-edged sword, which requires the users’ discretion at all times.

2.To listen well is as powerful a means of influence as to talk well and is essential to all true conversations. Form a group and have a group discussion on the topic.

Women Empowerment and Equality

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.

3.To listen well is as powerful a means of influence as to talk well and is essential to all true conversations. Form a group and have a group discussion on the topic.

Climate Change

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.


1.Find out job opportunities in the following area and the skill required for them.

Clinical Data Management

SOLUTION

Clinical Data Management:

Job OpportunitiesIn pharmaceutical, biotech, and device/diagnostic companies.
Required skillsetStrong written and verbal communication skills, database management skills, project management skills.

2.Find out job opportunities in the following area and the skill required for them.

Data Operations and Research

SOLUTION

Data Operations and Research

Job OpportunitiesIn IT, telecom and airline companies as well as government agencies.
Required skillsetResearch and analysis skills, critical thinking, wise decision making, interpersonal skills, problem-solving, excellent with maths and writing, creative thinking, information interpretation.

3.Find out job opportunities in the following area and the skill required for them.

Network Operations

SOLUTION

Network Operations:

Job OpportunitiesIn IT, banking and finance industries.
Required skillsetNetwork support, network management, network monitoring and troubleshooting, communication skills

4.Find out job opportunities in the following area and the skill required for them.

Data Entry Operation

SOLUTION

Data Entry Operation:

Job OpportunitiesIn BPOs, KPOs, Publishing and Web industry
Required skillsetKnowledge of computers, fast typing skills, ability to multitask, strong verbal and written skills.

5.Find out job opportunities in the following area and the skill required for them.

Data Processing

SOLUTION

Data Processing

Job OpportunitiesIn ITeS, BPO and IT companies
Required skillsetComputer skills, time management, teamwork, multitasking skills, communication skills

                      COMPLETED

Chapter 3, The Cop and the Anthem, english, hsc,12th std, maharashtra board, ebhalbharathi, new edition,

1.Suppose you have gone to a place where the winter season is very severe, discuss with your partner the ways in which you would protect yourself in the cold climate.

Chart

SOLUTION

i. Wear several layers of warm, loose-fitting clothes and ensure that the head, face, ears, hands, and feet are properly covered

ii. Light a fire in the fireplace and keep the indoor temperature warm

iii. Eat hot meals and consume hot beverages to maintain warmth in the body temperature

iv. Keep the doors and windows properly shut and cut the cold breeze from entering the house.

2.When you see a cop approaching, you feel either ‘relieved’ or ‘scared’. Discuss with your partner the situations when you feel ‘relieved’ or ‘scared’.

Chart

SOLUTION

Discuss some of the motivating things that can change a person’s life. One is given:

1. Listening to an inspiring speech

2. _________________________________

3. _________________________________

4. _________________________________

Short Note

SOLUTION

Discuss some of the motivating things that can change a person’s life. One is given:

1. Listening to an inspiring speech

2. Listening to a motivational song

3. Hearing about other people’s success stories

4. Interacting with people who are full of positivity despite suffering.

1.Discuss with your partner and find out the different ways in which Soapy tried to get arrested. The first one is given.

(a) Tried to enter a luxurious cafe

(b) _______________________________

(c) _______________________________

(d) ______________________________

SOLUTION

(a) Tried to enter a luxurious cafe

(b) Threw a stone at a shop’s window

(c) Ate food at a modest restaurant and announced that he had no money to pay the bill

(d) Yelled drunken gibberish at the top of his voice on seeing a policeman

(e) Walked away with another man’s silk umbrella

2.Describe the atmosphere when Soapy reached near the Church.

(a) A soft light glowed through the violet-stained window.

(b) _____________________

(c) _____________________

(d) _____________________

(e) ______________________

SOLUTION

(a) A soft light glowed through the violet-stained window.

(b) An organist played the organ, rehearsing for the upcoming Sabbath.

(c) The full and radiant moon was above.

(d) There were only a few vehicles and pedestrians around.

(e) There were only a few vehicles and pedestrians around.

1.Read the story and match the incidents given in Column ‘A’ with the consequences given in Column ‘B’:

Column A Column B
(1) Soapy tried to enter a cafeThe cop ran after the man
(2) Soapy broke a glass windowSuddenly a wonderful change came in his heart
(3) Two waiters pitched Soapy on the callous pavementSuddenly a wonderful change came in his heart
(4) Soapy heard the anthem being played in the ChurchHe stood up slowly beating the dust from his clothes
(5) Cop arrests Soapy for hanging aroundStrong and ready hands of the head waiter turned him around

SOLUTION

Column A Answers
(1) Soapy tried to enter a cafeStrong and ready hands of the head waiter turned him around
(2) Soapy broke a glass windowThe cop ran after the man
(3) Two waiters pitched Soapy on the callous pavementHe stood up slowly beating the dust from his clothes
(4) Soapy heard the anthem being played in the ChurchSuddenly a wonderful change came in his heart.
(5) Cop arrests Soapy for hanging aroundDream of turning around in life was shattered.

Give reasons and complete the following:

1.Soapy had confidence in himself because ________.

SOLUTION

Soapy had confidence in himself because he was shaven, his coat was trim and he was wearing a neat, black bow which had been presented to him by a lady missionary on Thanksgiving Day.

2.The head waiter of the luxurious café did not allow Soapy to enter because _______.

SOLUTION

The head waiter of the luxurious café did not allow Soapy to enter because he happened to see that Soapy was wearing tattered trousers and decadent shoes.

3.Soapy took a stone because _______.

SOLUTION

Soapy took a stone because he wanted to get arrested by throwing the stone at the plate glass of a shop window.

4.The cop did not arrest Soapy for breaking the glass window because _______.

SOLUTION

The cop did not arrest Soapy for breaking the glass window because he believed that men who smash windows don’t wait around to chat with the police; they run off immediately.

Pick out the lines from the text which show that:

1.Soapy wants to enter the cafe for two reasons.

SOLUTION

The total would not be so high as to call forth any extreme of revenge from the cafe management; and yet the meat would leave him filled and happy for the journey to his winter island.

2.Soapy was afraid that he won’t be able to enter the prison.

SOLUTION

Soapy was seized with a sudden fear that some dreadful enchantment had rendered him immune to arrest.

3.Soapy was not caught by the cop for throwing stones at the glass.

SOLUTION

The policeman refused to accept Soapy even as a clue.

4.Soapy actually did not want the umbrella.

SOLUTION

He hurled the umbrella angrily into an excavation.

5.Listening to the anthem, Soapy remembered his good old days.

SOLUTION

And the anthem that the organist played cemented Soapy to the iron fence, for he had known it well in the days when his life contained such things as mothers and roses and ambitions and friends and immaculate thoughts and collars.

1.‘He would make a man of himself again’ – The word ‘man’ in the sentence means ___.

SOLUTION

The word ‘man’ in the above sentence refers to a responsible citizen, who earns a living by fair means.

1.Soapy’s earlier life was much different from his present life. Complete the table to show this contrast. One is done for you.

Earlier lifePresent life
(a) Contained friends and roses(a) Unworthy desires
(b)(b)
(c)(c)

SOLUTION

Earlier lifePresent life
(a) Contained friends and roses(a) Unworthy desires
(b) Ambitions(b) Dead hopes
(c) Immaculate thoughts and collars(c) An existence made up of wrecked faculties and base motives.

2.After listening to the sweet and solemn organ notes, Soapy decides to:

(a) _________________________

(b) ________________________

SOLUTION

(a) pull himself out of his current turmoil

(b) go to the roaring downtown the next day and find work

3.Write an incident in which you did something wrong and repented for it later. Give reasons.

SOLUTION

When I was 16, my sister and I had gone camping. However, on our way back, we got into a huge fight and I decided to walk back on my own. This was a bad decision because I didn’t have a compass with me. My sister tried to follow me, but I was soon out of his sight. As I had feared, I did get lost in the forest and had no way of contacting my sister. I tried going back, but there was no way for me to be certain that I was going in the right direction. So, I decided to take shelter under a huge tree and hoped that my sister would find me. Thankfully, my sister found me by that evening and we went home together. I repented my actions because by being impulsive, I had not just lost my way and but also had caused trouble for my sister.

1.O’ Henry has used different words to indicate prison where Soapy wants to reach. Make a list of those words.

SOLUTION

Different words to indicate prison where Soapy wants to reach are:

  1. winter island
  2. limbo
  3. island
  4. coveted island 
  5. unattainable Arcadia

2.Find out the words used for the ‘degraded state of Soapy’.

SOLUTION

  1. degraded days
  2. unworthy desires
  3. dead hopes
  4. wrecked faculties
  5. base motives

3.The specific meaning of word ‘anthem’ in the content of the story is _______.

SOLUTION

The specific meaning of the word ‘anthem’ in the content of the story is ‘a song of hope’. On hearing the anthem, Soapy is filled with hope and decides to turn his life around. The sweet notes of the anthem being played by the organist set up a revolution in Soapy’s mind and he vows to redeem himself.

Convert the following sentence into negative without changing their meaning.

1.The policeman refused to accept Soapy even as a clue.

SOLUTION

The policeman did not accept Soapy even as a clue.

2.Soapy drifted along twice unsuccessful.

SOLUTION

Soapy drifted along twice without success.

3.Soapy stopped his unavailing racket.

SOLUTION

Soapy stopped his racket that did not avail anything.

4.The island seemed very far away.

SOLUTION

The island did not seem anywhere near.

5.The island seemed an unattainable Arcadia.

SOLUTION

The island seemed like an Arcadia that could not be attained.

Convert the following sentence into affirmative without changing their meaning.

1.Men who smash windows do not remain to chat with the police.

SOLUTION

Men who smash windows refrain from remaining to chat with the police.

2.Why don’t you call a cop?

SOLUTION

You should call a cop.

3.On the opposite side of the street was a restaurant of no great pretensions.

SOLUTION

On the opposite side of the street was an unpretentious restaurant.

4.Noisy; but no harm.

SOLUTION

Noisy; but harmless

5.They seemed to regard him as a King who could do no wrong.

SOLUTION

They seemed to regard him as a King who was incapable of doing anything wrong.

1.Forgiveness is often better than punishment’. Write two paragraphs – one for and another against this notion.

SOLUTION

View on ‘Forgiveness is often better than punishment’

There is a famous proverb ‘To err is human, to forgive, divine’. When people apologise for their errors, it is best to forgive them and move past the incident. Forgiveness helps a person to introspect. It makes him realise the mistake and take note of the following corrective measure. Punishments often result in angst and embarrassment. People being punished might never correct their actions due to the guilt and shame they face. Punishment could make an individual immune towards the concept of ‘apology and correctiveness’. Therefore, when people genuinely apologise for their wrongdoings and feel repentant, the best course of action is to forgive them.

Counterview on ‘Forgiveness is often better than punishment’

When people commit mistakes, it sometimes becomes important to punish them. Some people learn it the hard way and only when they are punished, will they understand the severity of their mistakes. Consequently, forgiving people may lead to them taking things for granted and they might stop acknowledging their errors. For example, if a pickpocket is not punished for his action, he may go on to commit several more crimes. Punishment generates fear in the mind of an individual. It ultimately deters an individual from performing unacceptable, undesirable and unethical actions.

2.You are the class representative and you have been asked by the Principal to conduct an interview of a cop. Frame 8-10 questions with the help of the following points, give introduction and conclusion.

  • reasons for joining the department
  • special training
  • developing the skill to identify and locate criminals
  • dealing with criminals
  • achievements and awards.

SOLUTION

Good Morning, Officer R.S. Shankar! I am Riya Jain, the class representative for Std. XI, M.G. College. It gives me immense pleasure to welcome you here today. All the students and the audience would be delighted to know you better and understand your line of work. So, let us begin this interview.

  1. For how long have you been in the police force?
  2. When did you decide that you wanted to join the force?
  3. What was your reason behind joining the force?
  4. What kind of special training did you have to undergo to become a cop?
  5. How did you develop and master the skill of identifying and locating criminals?
  6. How do you deal with criminals? Is your approach the same for everyone
  7. Do you think criminals can be reformed?
  8. You have won many bravery awards. How does it feel to be one of the best cop in the country?
  9. Do you think you’ve achieved the goal for which you joined the force?
  10. Many young minds aspire to become a top cop like you. Any message for them?

Officer Shankar, we thank you immensely for giving us your valuable time and sharing your pearls of wisdom. We, as a society, are proud of you and would like to thank you for your countless years of service.

1.Make a list of jobs which would give you an opportunity to help the society or serve the country. Also mention the different ways in which they can be beneficial to the people and also the country.

SOLUTION

  • Joining the defence forces:
    Protect the country’s border from external threat and ensure the safety of its citizens.
  • Social Worker:
    Help distressed and underprivileged people to cope with difficult situations and issues in their lives Connect the people who seek help with the right organisations.
  • Firefighter:
    First responders in not just fire disasters but also for other calamities occurring around us.
  • Police Officer:
    Enforce the law and patrol the neighbourhood to ensure the safety of the community.

2.Go to your school/college library and read some other stories by O’Henry like, ‘The Gift of the Magi’, ‘The Last Leaf’ and ‘After Twenty years’. Write the stories in short in your notebook.

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.


                       COMPLETED

Section 1 prose

1.List the words of courtesy that we use in our daily life. Discuss them with your partner and explain the purpose of using each.

SOLUTION

please – to make a request

kindly – when we make a formal request

Happy Journey – to wish someone a joyful journey

Good morning – To wish someone in the morning

Thank you – when someone is kind to us

Could you – to politely request something

welcome – to greet someone who’s arrived

Take care – to caution someone

2.Listed below are a few character traits of people. Some are positive traits, while others are not. Tick ✓ the ones you feel are desirable.

SOLUTION

Characteristic traitsCharacteristic traitsCharacteristic traits
Conniving   ▭Aggressive    ▭Boastful       ▭
Insensitive   ▭Scheming      ▭ Humble       ✓
Sly               ▭Wise               ✓Servile          ▭
Humorous  ✓Egoistic          ▭Territorial     ▭
Naive          ▭Manipulative  ▭Patronising  ▭
Benevolent ✓Rude              ▭Generous    ✓

3.Etiquette and manners are very important for a person to live in society.

Read the following and put them in proper columns

  1. To receive phone calls while you are in a lecture or class.
  2. To knock before you enter your Principal’s office.
  3. To thank the person who offers you tea or coffee.
  4. To be polite and courteous to others.
  5. To leave the classroom without the teacher’s permission.
  6. To occupy the seats reserved for ladies or physically challenged or elderly people on a bus or a train.
AppropriateInappropriate
1. ____________________1. ____________________
2. ____________________2. ____________________
3. ____________________3. ____________________

SOLUTION

AppropriateInappropriate
1. To knock before you enter your Principal’s office.1. To receive phone calls while you are in a lecture or class.
2. To thank the person who offers you tea or coffee.2. To leave the classroom without the teacher’s permission.
3. To be polite and courteous to others.3. To occupy the seats reserved for ladies or physically challenged or elderly people on a bus or a train.

1.Form groups and explain the following words with examples. You can take help of your teacher.

Humility

SOLUTION

Humility:

It is the quality of not being very proud.

Example: When a sports person gives credit to the team upon receiving an award, it is an example of humility.

2.Self-esteem

SOLUTION

Self-esteem:

It is an individual’s evaluation of one’s own worth.

Example: When you’re happy, confident and motivated, it’s a sign of high self-esteem.

3.Gratitude

SOLUTION

Gratitude:

It is the quality of being thankful and showing appreciation for kindness.

Example: When you thank your mentor for guiding you in important aspects of your life, it is showing gratitude.

4.Courtesy

SOLUTION

Courtesy:

It is the quality of showing politeness in one’s behaviour and attitude.

Example: Saying ‘please’ when you make a request and saying ‘thank you’ when someone does a favour is a sign of courtesy.

5.Generosity

SOLUTION

Generosity:

It is the quality of being kind and generous.

Example: A tree is an epic example of generosity. It showers us with abundant fresh air, shade, flowers, and fruits and asks for nothing in return.

6.Sympathy

SOLUTION

Sympathy:

It is the feeling of pity and sorrow over someone’s suffering.

Example: People who work for animal rights, care, and rehab have a sympathetic attitude towards them.

7.Empathy

SOLUTION

Empathy:

It is the ability to understand and share the feelings of others.

Example: When your friend wins an award.

1.Have a Group Discussion on the topic ‘The need of soft skills at workplace’. Use the following points.

(a) Written and verbal communication

(b) Ways of interacting with others

(c) Creative abilities

(d) Emotional intelligence

SOLUTION

Moderator:You’ve all been given a few minutes to think about your topic for today’s group discussion, which is ‘The need for soft skills at the workplace’. You may now begin the discussion. Who would like to start?
Julie:We all like to excel at what we do, especially at our place of work. But to be able to do that, merely professional skills are not enough. Wherever we go, people skills are essential to be able to connect and communicate with those around us and especially so at our place of work.
Neha:Well, that might be partly true; but I think one’s professional competencies cannot take a back seat. They will always be the key to your success at the work place.
Alok:I would like to build on that point Neha. Though professional competencies are of prime importance, team work is what allows for smooth functioning as well as a noteworthy execution of plans and strategies. This is where soft skills come into play as they are a combination of our people skills and communication skills. Both of these are equally important to strengthen bonds and build stronger teams.
Milap:Yes, the way we interact with others is of utmost importance. Soft skills also build our communications on so many levels. People with good soft skills are bound to have stronger verbal as well as written communication abilities as compared to others. This means that through their communication, they are able to influence others to agree with them, thereby succeeding at their workplace.
Aditya:That is correct! I completely agree. In fact, someone who possesses soft skills is more likely to get a job done than someone who does not know how to work in harmony with other people. Everyone knows how to do their jobs, it is how we navigate ourselves through different situations at work is what truly defines the strength of our soft skills.
Neha:Yes, that’s true. Also, speaking of bonding and relationships, emotions play a key role here. Emotional intelligence, which is the ability to understand, manage and reason with emotions, is equally essential to effectively engage with others.
Milap:I couldn’t agree more. Emotional intelligence helps a person to understand a situation from a sensitised perspective. It is necessary to sympathise and empathise with people, so as to be able to deal with them accordingly.
Moderator:All right, everyone. Your time’s nearly up. Would someone like to summarise this discussion?
Alok:Keeping in mind everything that was said today, it would only be right to say that soft skills are the fundamental need of any workplace. A place of work calls for exchange of ideas and involves multiple interactions. In such a scenario, a robust foundation of soft skills only aids in building stronger bonds and deeper relationships. This, in turn, contributes positively to the growth and development of any organisation.

Read the text and state whether the following statement is True or False. Correct the False statement.

1.Bitter problems in day-to-day life can be solved by sweet words.

Options
  • True
  • False

2.Great wars could have been avoided by a little courtesy.

Options
  • True
  • False

3.Observance of etiquette in a normal situation is important but more important is their observance when the situation is adverse.

Options
  • True
  • False

4.Words like ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ help us in making our passage through life uneasy.

Options
  • True
  • False

5.The law permits anybody to use violence if another person is discourteous.

Options
  • True
  • False

Select the most appropriate sentences which suggest the theme of the essay.

  1. The essay tells us about courtesy, civility, morality, responsibility and control.
  2. The essay explores the difficulties that can be incurred by an individual when dealing with the public.
  3. One can keep one’s peace of mind without having to lower themselves to the level of the perceived offender.
  4. People with low self-esteem are generally difficult to work with and they look down upon others to get a feeling of superiority.

SOLUTION

The most appropriate sentences which suggest the theme of the essay are:

1. The essay tells us about courtesy, civility, morality, responsibility, and control.

3. One can keep one’s peace of mind without having to lower themselves to the level of the perceived offender.

1.Find the reasons for the lift-man’s uncivilized behaviour.

SOLUTION

The lift-man behaved in an uncivilised manner by declining to comply with his instructions and moreover by throwing the passenger out of the lift. This was because the passenger had failed to respect the lift- man by saying just “Top” rather than “Top Please”.

2.List the people and their behaviour that made the passenger rude and ill-mannered.

SOLUTION

Good manners are required in our daily life for making our social contacts more cooperative and friendly. Illustrate the behaviour of the polite conductor with different people in various situations.

SituationBehaviour
1. The writer’s sensitive toe was trampled onThe conductor said sorry with an apology and courtesy.
2. In the rainy season dealing with people 
3. Dealing with old people 
4. Dealing with children 
5. Dealing with young people 
6. Dealing with a blind man 

SOLUTION

SituationBehaviour
1. The writer’s sensitive toe was trampled onThe conductor said sorry with an apology and courtesy.
2. In the rainy season dealing with peopleHe would run upstairs to give someone the tip that there was room inside.
3. Dealing with old peopleHe was as considerate as a son
4. Dealing with childrenHe was as solicitous as a father
5. Dealing with young peopleHe indulged in some merry jest with them
6. Dealing with a blind manSet him down safely on the pavement and ask the drivers to wait till he helped the man to cross the road.

Discuss and write the impact of good temper and kindliness on the society in the light of the good-mannered conductor.

SOLUTION

Good temper is a quality that makes people pleasant to be around. Good temper is just as infectious as a bad one. If we are good tempered, kind, and humorous towards others, we will receive the same in return. The good-mannered conductor in this story carries on enthusiastically with his modest job, by the virtue of his even temper and being kind towards his passengers. He lightens up his own life and other people’s lives by being nice to everyone.

‘A modest calling can be made dignified by good temper and kindly feeling’. Explain the statement with your choice of examples.

SOLUTION

One can carry out one’s profession with great dignity irrespective of its nature. In fact, the need for good temper and kindly feeling is universally required to carry out any kind of calling. To cite some examples, a cobbler at a local railway station in Mumbai who speaks extremely courteously to his customers and does a quick and nice job of polishing or mending shoes even during the morning rush hours. I have been seeing him for eight years now at the same place, rendering his services as cheerfully as ever to his customers, many of whom are regulars to his stall.

Another example is that of the bus conductor had every right to throw the writer out of the bus as he did not have money to pay his fare. But he avoided the ugly scene and allowed him to travel. When he trampled on the writer’s foot with his heavy boot, he was quick to apologise. Thus discourteousness might not be a legal offence but it is definitely a moral offence which can be easily rectified by practising restraint, courtesy. But we need to groom ourselves for achieving all these qualities.

The service of the police is necessary for the implementation of law in our society. Do you think you require this service for good social environment? Discuss.

SOLUTION

The answer to this question is a partial “Yes”. The police is necessary to enforce law in specific cases of violations of human rights that involve physical violence. So, police are effective in safeguarding one’s life and property. However, police can’t enforce civility, as law doesn’t consider hurting one’s feelings as grounds for compensation. Enforcement of civilities such as saying “Please” or “Thank You” are not subjects under police control, but matters of etiquette. A good social environment is an outcome of both safety of life and courteous behaviour. So, it would be justified to say that police have a limited role to play in ensuring good social environment.

1.He committed the crime in broad daylight (not bright daylight or narrow darkness).

I had a cup of strong tea (not rich tea).

The fast train is coming (not quick train).

Such words or group of words which habitually occur together and thereby convey meaning by association are called collocations. A collocation is a combination of words in a language that often go together.

1.Find out the words in column ‘B’ which collocate with the words in column ‘A’.

Column ‘A’Column ‘B’
regularmeal
mid dayconcept
keyfood
fastexercise
trydecorated
richlyhard
freejam
traffictime
socialanimal
wildjustice

SOLUTION

regular – exercise

mid day – meal

key – concept

fast – food

try – hard

richly – decorated

free – time

traffic – jam

social – justice

wild – animal

2.He committed the crime in broad daylight (not bright daylight or narrow darkness).

I had a cup of strong tea (not rich tea).

The fast train is coming (not quick train).

Such words or group of words which habitually occur together and thereby convey meaning by association are called collocations. A collocation is a combination of words in a language that often go together.

Learning collocations is essential for making your English sound fluent and natural. Make collocations and use in your own sentences.

SOLUTION

  1. Not preparing well for the examination was a big mistake that Deepa made.
  2. Geets has a big surprise awaiting her on an annual day.
  3. We went to a big sized stadium to watch the Cricket world cup final.
  4. The big bang theory is the cosmological model of the universe.
  5. When the economy is slow, sale of big ticket items like cars, houses and expensive vacations is on an all-time low.
  6. Choosing a right career is a big decision that everyone ought to make at the right time.
  7. The phrase ‘big brother’ was made famous by George Orwell in his novel ‘1984’.
  8. Rakesh methodically worked on his grammar to bring about a big improvement in his linguistic skills.
  9. My father said, ‘one gains confidence and motivation by being well dressed’.
  10. The decoration for our annual event was very well done by the students.
  11. The sweets and savouries in my brother’s wedding were very well made.
  12. Ram had a speech so well written, that he won an award for it.
  13. Ruby has very well expressed the philosophy of life through his quotes.
  14. Rahul has very well adjusted to city life in spite of spending most of his childhood in a rural place.
  15. Everyone complimented the new couple by saying that they’re well suited to each other.
  16. The resort was spacious and had exquisite, well-appointed villas.

1.Sometimes while using a word in a sentence, we have to change its word class. We can make several more words from the root word. We can make several new words from the root word.

I asked Sumit to _______ my pencil for me. (sharp).

I asked Sumit to sharpen my pencil for me.

Now read the following sentence and use the word given in the bracket. Change the word class and rewrite the sentence.

Leena was eating a very apple and obviously enjoying it. (Crunch)

SOLUTION

Leena was eating a very crunchy  apple and obviously enjoying it. (Crunch)

2.Sometimes while using a word in a sentence, we have to change its word class. We can make several more words from the root word. We can make several new words from the root word.

I asked Sumit to _______ my pencil for me. (sharp).

I asked Sumit to sharpen my pencil for me.

Now read the following sentence and use the word given in the bracket. Change the word class and rewrite the sentence.

This picture looks  . (colour)

SOLUTION

This picture looks colourful.

3.Sometimes while using a word in a sentence, we have to change its word class. We can make several more words from the root word. We can make several new words from the root word.

I asked Sumit to _______ my pencil for me. (sharp).

I asked Sumit to sharpen my pencil for me.

Now read the following sentence and use the word given in the bracket. Change the word class and rewrite the sentence.

I’m afraid that your behaviour is just not . (accept)

SOLUTION

I’m afraid that your behaviour is just not acceptable.

4.Sometimes while using a word in a sentence, we have to change its word class. We can make several more words from the root word. We can make several new words from the root word.

I asked Sumit to _______ my pencil for me. (sharp).

I asked Sumit to sharpen my pencil for me.

Now read the following sentence and use the word given in the bracket. Change the word class and rewrite the sentence.

I like my elder brother. He is very  . (help)

SOLUTION

I like my elder brother. He is very helpful.

5.Complete the following table. Put a cross if a word-class does not exist.

Sr.No.NounVerbAdjectiveAdverb
1.absence   
2.alarmalarmalarmingalarmingly
3.attraction   
4. enable  
5. admire  
6. agree  
7.  applicable 
8.   avoidably
9. differ  

SOLUTION

Sr.No.NounVerbAdjectiveAdverb
1.absenceabsentabsentabsently
2.alarmalarmalarmingalarmingly
3.attractionattractattractiveattractively
4.ableness; abilityenableableably
5.admirationadmireadmirableadmiringly; admirably
6.agreementagreeagreeableagreeably
7.applicationapplyapplicableapplicably
8.avoidanceavoidavoidableavoidably
9.differencedifferdifferent 

Register often refers to the degree of formality of language, but in a more general sense it means the language used by a group of people who share similar work or interest, such as doctors or lawyers.

Imagine that your Principal or teacher is coming. When you meet him, you would never say,

‘Hey, dude! What’s up?’

This is a formal situation, so you would say ‘Good morning,

In every situation, you use an appropriate expression according to the person. The language you use, when you meet someone depends on their age, position etc. There are formal and informal registers in spoken and written language.

Write appropriate expressions and words which you have to use while facing an interview.

(a) May I come in?

(b) ___________________

(c) ___________________

(d) __________________

(e) __________________

You are writing a letter of complaint. List the proper expressions that you would like to write.

(a) I disagree

(b) ___________________

(c) ___________________

(d) ___________________

(e) ___________________

SOLUTION

While facing an interview:

(a) May I come in?

(b) Good Morning.

(c) Pardon me.

(d) Sorry, but I did not understand the question.

(e) Look everyone in the eye, smile and thank them in the end.

While writing a letter of complaint:

(a) I disagree

(b) I would like to seek your attention to this issue.

(c) It has been a matter of great concern for us.

(d) Please look into this grievance at the earliest.

(e) Looking forward for an immediate response.

Distinguish between a legal offence and a moral offence on the basis of the given text.

Legal offence Moral offence
BurglaryRude behaviour
  
  
  

Distinguish Between

SOLUTION

Legal offence Moral offence
BurglaryRude behaviour
Assault and batteryLaceration of feelings
ViolenceMorose temper
BoxBeing insolent
Kick on the shinsBad manners

Find out the meaning of the following phrase. Use them in your own sentence.

1.give and take

SOLUTION

give and take: an exchange of ideas, statements, goods and produce.

sentence: In every friendship there has to be some give and take.

2.a black eye

SOLUTION

A black eye: skin around the eye that has gone dark because it has been hit.

sentence: He had a fight at school and came home with a black eye.

3.Lower than the angels

SOLUTION

Lower than the angels: less than perfect

sentence: The employees in Raj’s firm are lower than angels as they are seldom motivated to perform their duties.

4.knock someone down

SOLUTION

knock someone down: to strike someone and cause them to fall to the ground.

sentence: The policeman warned the kids that if they run in the middle of the road, a vehicle might knock someone down.

5.Find out the words with prefixes and suffixes from the text and write them down.

Prefix Suffix
uncivilrequirement
  
  
  

SOLUTION

Prefix Suffix
uncivilrequirement
housemaidcheerfully
undoubtedlypavement
irradiatedpoliteness
inconveniencemartyrdom

6.Complete the table with polite expressions that we must use in our day-to-day life.

 Don’tsDos
1.I want a cup of teaI would like to have a cup of tea.
2.Send me the mail. 
3.Go away or leave me alone. 
4.You are wrong. 
5.That’s a bad idea. 
6.Your work isn’t good. 

Chart

SOLUTION

 Don’tsDos
1.I want a cup of teaI would like to have a cup of tea.
2.Send me the mail.Could you please send me the mail?
3.Go away or leave me alone.I would appreciate if you go or leave me alone
4.You are wrong.You’re not correct
5.That’s a bad idea.That idea can be better
6.Your work isn’t good.Your work needs improvement.

Edit the given paragraph using a/an/the wherever necessary.

Rakesh is a/an ideal son who remains devoted to his father as he grows professionally to become a/the famous doctor. As his father grows old, he takes care to spend time with his father, bringing him tea in a/the morning and taking him out for a/the walk in an/the evening

SOLUTION

Rakesh is an ideal son who remains devoted to his father as he grows professionally to become a famous doctor. As his father grows old, he takes care to spend time with his father, bringing him tea in the morning and taking him out for a walk in the evening.

Spot the errors in of the following sentence and correct the incorrect one.

1.Radha brought pens and distributed them between her five children.

SOLUTION

Radha brought pens and distributed them among her five children.

2.Jayshree and Sujata sat besides each other in complete silence.

SOLUTION

Jayshree and Sujata sat beside each other in complete silence.

3.His best friend Vijay was blind within one eye.

SOLUTION

His best friend Vijay was blind in one eye.

4.One could dare to encroach on his rights.

SOLUTION

One could not dare to encroach on his rights.

5.She was taken with surprise when she saw the famous Taj Mahal.

SOLUTION

She was taken by surprise when she saw the famous Taj Mahal.

6.It is not possible to exchange the goods once the sale has been completed.

SOLUTION

It is not possible to exchange the goods once the sale is completed.

7.Dr. Sengupta has been trying to master the craft for the last five years.

SOLUTION

Dr. Sengupta has been trying to master the craft since the last five years.

8.The top-ranking candidates will be appointed in senior jobs in banks.

SOLUTION

The top-ranking candidates will be appointed for senior jobs in banks.

9.She knows very well what is expected from her but she is unable to perform.

SOLUTION

She knows very well what is expected of her but she is unable to perform.

10.They will put on a note in this regard for your consideration.

SOLUTION

They will put up a note in this regard for your consideration.

Read the following sentence.

Santosh purchased a computer. He read the operating manual and followed the instructions.

  1. He linked the monitor, keyboard and printer.
  2. He plugged in the main cable.
  3. He switched on the monitor at the back.
  4. When the light appeared on the screen, he placed the Day Disk in Drive A.
  5. He pushed in the disk until the button clicked out. (It took about 30 seconds for the computer to load the programme.)
  6. He pressed the Drive button and the disk shot out.
  7. He replaced the Day Disk with the Document Disk.
  8. He pressed function key 7.

Convert these sentences into passive voice by filling in the blanks. The first sentence has been done as an example.

Firstly the monitor, keyboard and printer were linked up. Then the _______ was _______. The monitor ________ at the back. When the light appeared on the screen, ________in Drive A. The disk __________ until _________. It took the computer 30 seconds to load the programme. The drive button __________ and the disk shot out. The ________ with Document Disk. Finally, the function key 7 ________ The word processor was then ready to use.

SOLUTION

Firstly the monitor, keyboard and printer were linked up. Then the main cable was plugged in. The monitor was switched on at the back. When the light appeared on the screen, the Day Disk was placed in Drive A. The disk was pushed in until the button clicked out. It took the computer 30 seconds to load the programme. The drive button was pressed and the disk shot out. The Day Disk was replaced with Document Disk. Finally, the function key 7 was pressed. The word processor was then ready to use.

1.Write a speech on ‘Courtesy is the light of life’ with the help of the following points.

  1. People have a good impression of you.
  2. You will be acknowledged and appreciated by all.
  3. You will be happier and contented with life.

SOLUTION

Good morning respected Principal, teachers and friends. I, Sujay Srivastava, am here to speak on the topic ‘Courtesy is the light of life’.

Courtesy is the mark of the cultured. Manners and courtesy go hand in hand and indeed complement each other. Each one of us seeks kindness and respect and just one word of courtesy can make all the difference. It can make anyone feel truly valued! Behaving right and talking right are the key ingredients of being courteous. It is only natural that most people then, tend to have a good impression of a courteous person. Courteous behaviour seldom goes unnoticed. Sooner than later, those around courteous people come to acknowledge and appreciate them as well.

Light is the need of life It is just as essential to humans as it is to flora and fauna. However, humans need light to progress in life, the kind which shines bright within! Courtesy surely keeps this inner light glowing. When you give love and respect to everyone around notwithstanding their social status, the same comes back to you in abundance. This is the kind of wealth that makes you much happier and contented with life than any material possession. I would like to conclude by saying that ‘let us all pledge silently to employ a little bit of courtesy in our everyday lives’.

Thank you for listening to me patiently.

2.‘Manners maketh man’ – Expand the idea in your own words with proper examples.

SOLUTION

Manners maketh a man

Man is socially the most evolved being. He has the ability to take decisions and make well-informed choices. He can choose how to act. Therefore, actions make our behaviour and shape our mannerisms. Manners determine the impact one has on people and their minds. Let us recall that person in a crowded bus who willingly offers his or her seat to a co-passenger. We all appreciate such gestures and admire the ones demonstrating them. They leave a fond impression in our minds. Even in our own circle, we look up to gentle-mannered individuals who address everyone with due respect. They have a certain charm about them. It’s ultimately these very choices of fine and delicate manners that build up a man’s character.

1.Read A. G. Gardiner’s essay ‘The Open Window’ and compare its theme with the essay ‘On Saying “Please.’’

SOLUTION

[Students are advised to do the above reading by themselves]

2.‘Nothing clears up my spirits like a fine day’ – Keats. Collect the information of the poet Keats and write it in your notebook.

SOLUTION

John Keats was an English poet known for his romantic lyrics. He was a very important figure in the second generation of Romantic poets. Keats grew up in difficult circumstances and found solace in art and literature. He was a voracious reader.

Keats searched for perfection in his poetry and hence marked it with vivid imagery and sensuous appeal. Within poetry, he expressed philosophy through classical legend. Ironically, Keats’ reputation grew much after his death. In his short life of just 25 years, Keats etched a name for himself in the world renowned poets.

Soft skills are required in all walks of life including careers and industries. They are increasingly becoming the essential skills of today’s workforce.

1.Soft skills are an integral part of finding, attracting, and retaining clients also. Highly developed presentation skills, networking abilities, and etiquette awareness can help you win new clients and gain more work.

The following are considered the most important soft skills.

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.

2.Following are the institutions where you will get the courses related to soft skills.

a. Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

b. Indian School of Business Management, Hyderabad

c. XLRI  Xavier School of Management, Jamshedpur

d. Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, New Delhi

Jobs available at

  •  Customer service centre
  • Management schools
  • Hotel industry

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.


                                         

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