ssc, English, unit 2, 2.1 chapter 7, Animals, Maharashtra, board, balbharathi, solution, kumarbharathi,
Q1.Get into pairs and attempt the following :
“The more I learn about people, the more I like my dog.”- Mark Twain. – Discuss with your partner what Mark Twain means from the above quote. Write in your own words.
By the above quote. Mark Twain means that his dog has certain qualities which he wishes that human beings possess, but do not. Each day, as he comes across different people and learn more about human nature, the feeling grows within him that humans possess many disagreeable qualities that do not help in improving relationships. As a result. he begins to love his dog more than human beings.
Q2.Put the following attributes/ abilities given below in the proper circles.
(c) love and care
(e) good manners
(f) has 360° vision
(g) shows gratitude
(h) lives for more than 150 years
(j) learns computing
(k) worships god
(l) sleeps in standing position
(m) stands up immediately after birth
(n) brings up children
(o) belongs to various species
|Human||Common to both||Animals|
|cooks||Self-control||lives for more than 150 years|
|Learn to compute||communicates||sleep in a standing position|
|Stands up immediately||Love and care||has a 360° vision|
|Worship god||Shows gratitude||belongs to various species after birth|
|Brings up children|
Q3.At times, especially when you are frustrated, you wish you were an animal/ a bird/ a fish/ a butterfly and not a human being. Say which of the above you would choose to transform to and give 3 or 4 reasons for your choice.
I wish I could be a ______________________________
When I am frustrated. I wish I could be a bird, so I could fly away from the cause of frustration. At such times, I would like to be far from the noise and crowd on earth and sail in silence across the sky. I would prefer to concentrate on my own thoughts and regain my peace, and the best place for that would be up in the heavens, close to God. Flapping my wings would keep me active and busy and help me forget about my worries.
Q4.We come across many animals in our vicinity. We have also read about different animals in books. Make a list of all animals that fall under various categories. One is given to you.
|Amphibians||Mammals||Wild Animals||Aquatic Animals||Pet Animals|
Encourage students to read/use reference material to complete the activity.
|Amphibians||mammals||Wild animals||Aquatic animals||Pet animals|
Q1.(A) Match the words given in table A with their meanings in table B.
|No||A Words||B Meaning|
|(i)||whine||(a)||an offence against the religious or moral law|
|(ii)||sin||(b)||complain in an annoying way|
|(iv)||mania||(d)||failing to take proper care|
|A. Column||B. Column|
|(1) whine||complain in an annoying way|
|(2) sin||an offence against the religious or moral law|
|(4) mania||mental illness|
|(5) negligent||failing to take proper care|
Q1.(B)Find adjectives from the poem which refer to positive and negative thinking.
|1. ____________________||1. ____________________|
|2. ____________________||2. ____________________|
|3. ____________________||3. ____________________|
|(1) placid||(1) dissatisfied|
|(2) self-contained||(2) demented|
|(3) Respected||(3) unhappy|
Concept: Writing Skill
(a)The poet wishes he could _____________.
The poet wishes he could turn and live with anim
(b)Animals do not complain about _________________.
Animals do not complain about their condition.
(c)Animals do not merely discuss ______________.
Animals do not merely discuss their duty to God.
(d)Animals are not crazy about ________________.
Animals are not crazy about owning things.
Q3.State whether the following statement is true or false.
(a)Animals are self-reliant.
(b)Animals quarrel for their possessions.
(c)Animals do not worship other animals.
(d)Humans have given up many good qualities.
(e)Animals suffer humiliation.
(f)The poet has retained all his natural virtues.
Q4.With the help of the poem find the differences between animals and human beings.
|Always complain about their condition _________________||Never complain about anything|
|Always dissatisfied.||Always contented.|
|Crazy about acquiring possessions||Never interested in owning things.|
|Worship other human beings||Never worship anyone of their kind.|
|Always unhappy about earthly matters.||Unconcerned about earthly matters.|
Q5.Read the text again, and complete the web, highlighting the good values/habits which we can learn from animals.
Q6.Find outlines from the poem that are examples of the following Figures of Speech.
|Figures of Speech||Lines|
|Figures of Speech||Lines|
|(i)||Repetition||I stand and look at them long and long.|
|(ii)||Alliteration||They bring me tokens of myself.|
|(iii)||Hyperbole||No one is respectable or unhappy over the whole earth.|
Q7.Identify the Figure of Speech in the following line.
(a)I stand and look at them long and long.
I stand and look at them long and long – Repetation.
(b)They do not sweat and whine about their condition
They do not sweat and whine about their condition – Personification.
(c)They do not make me sick discussing their duty to God.
They do not make me sick discussing their duty to God – Alitration.
(d)Not one is demented with the mania of owning things.
Not one is demented with the mania of owning things – metaphar/alitration.
(e)They bring me tokens of myself.
They bring me tokens of myself – Metaphor.
(f)No one is respectable or unhappy over the whole earth.
No one is respectable or unhappy over the whole earth – Hyperbole.
Q8.Read the poem again and write an appreciation of the poem in a paragraph format with the help of given points.
The poem ‘Animals’ has been penned by Walt Whitman.
The central idea of the poem is that animals today are better than humans.
The poet has broken away from the conventional use of a rhyme scheme and has written the poem in free verse.
The chief figure of speech used in the poem is Repetition. Lines such as “They do not sweat. Do not lie awake. “They do not make me sick.. make a strong impact. expressing the qualities that humans should possess, but do not. The other figures of speech are Alliteration, Tautology. Hyperbole, etc.
A line in this poem which is my favourite is:
They bring me tokens of myself. This is a very powerful line that shows us what good qualities human beings must have possessed when they were almost like animals in the early stages of evolution and which animals still possess, while we do not.
This is a reflective poem. The language used is simple, but the tone is subtle. By describing the qualities that animals possess today, the poet indirectly implies that we human beings too should possess these qualities. The poet has used adjectives such as ‘placid’ and ‘self-contained’ to bring out the good qualities possessed by animals.
I like this poem very much because it tells us indirectly that if we want to improve human relationships we should observe and pick up qualities that animals now possess and which we might have once possessed but had carelessly given up on the path of evolution.
Q9.Divide the class into two groups. One group should offer points in favour of (views) and the other against (counterviews) the topic ‘Life of an animal is better than that of a human being.’
Later use the points to express your own views/ counterviews in paragraph format in your notebook.
|Hold a healthy discussion on the given topic. Encourage and habituate the students to accept others’ Opinions, with respect.|
View: Unlike humans, animals are placid and self. contained. They do not try to set targets or achieve goals as humans do. Animals do not complain about their condition. They are quite satisfied with their
living conditions, whatever they are. Moreover, they do not worship things, other animals, or people as gods. Neither are they too bothered about possessions or earthly matters
Counterview: Since animals are self-contained and self-satisfied, they do not feel the need to improve their living conditions. Humans are restless, they complain about their lives. The result is that they continuously try to improve their living conditions. By setting targets humans are able to achieve all. Animals have no idea about God. Humans acknowledge a divine Creator. Animals do not worry about possessions or earthly matters. As a result, they do not possess the will to care about the future of this planet, as humans do.
ssc, English, Maharashtra, board, chapter 5, Joan of arc, Ebalbharathi, solution, full solution,
Q1.Discuss in groups pairs and make a list of the weapons used in the old times and in the present times.
|Weapons usedin the past||Weapons used nowadays|
|Weapons usedin the past||Weapons used nowadays|
|bow and arrows||hand grenades|
|axes, etc.||nuclear weapons, etc.|
Q2.Imagine that you are the captain of your school Kabaddi team. Your final match is against a very strong team. Your team members are sure that you will lose. How will you boost their morale? Work in groups and prepare a shortlist of what can encourage the team.
I will encourage them in the following way.
Q3.Adding different prepositions to the same action verb changes the meaning of the phrases, thus formed.
call out – announce
call at – visit
call for – summon
call up – make a telephonic call
call off – cancel
Guess the difference in meanings of the underlined phrases.
|Sentences||Meanings of the underlined phrases|
a. He promised to look into the matter.
|b. He asked me to look for his lost book.||search|
|c. I shall look forward to your arrival.||await eagerly|
a. An epidemic of cholera broke out in the village.
|b. The thieves broke into the locked house.||entered illegally and forcibly|
|c. They broke up their friendship.||ended|
a. You must carry out your duty faithfully.
|b. Please carry on with your work.||continue|
|c. They carried off the trophy in the football matches.||won|
|d. Carry forward the remaining balance to the next page.||to transfer|
Q1.Read the extract from G. B. Shaw’s play on Joan of Arc and fill in the Tree diagram.
Q2.(A)Pick out from the extract of the play two lines that provide evidence for each of the following.
|a.||Her confidence||1. The Dauphin will give me all I need to free Orleans||2. I will teach them all to fight for France.|
|b.||Her courage||1. She really doesn’t seem to be afraid of anything.||2. The Squire’s glare neither frightens her nor stops her.|
|c.||Her optimism||1. If she can put some fight into him, she can put it into anybody.||2. I don’t think it can be very difficult if God is on your side.|
|d.||Her determination||1. I have arranged it all. You have only to give the order.|
|e.||Her patriotism||1. I will teach them all to fight for France.||2. You said that you would not see me. But here I am.|
Q2.(B)Using the following points, frame a character sketch of Joan of Arc, in your own words. Suggest an attractive title.
The Heroine of France-Joan of Arc
Joan, a well-built, strong country girl of 17 to 18 years, is brave and courageous and unafraid of anything. She is confident and asks directly for whatever she wants and is sure of getting it. She is optimistic and feels that if God is on one’s side, one can do anything. She is determined to go to Orleans and motivate the Dauphin to fight the English and save Orleans. Squire Robert and the others feel that if anyone can put some fight into the Dauphin, it is Joan. She is extremely patriotic and confidently says that she will teach the French soldiers to fight, and soon there will not be a single English soldier left on the soil of France.
Q3.From the extract, find what the following is compared to and why:
(a)as easy as ____________
as easy as: chasing a cow out of the meadow.
This comparison is made because Joan was a country girl and had probably chased many cows out of the meadows. Besides, cows are docile creatures and can be driven away very easily.
(b)as mad as ____________
as mad as: Joan, for Joan was planning to go to the Dauphin, who was frightened, and motivate him to fight for Orleans.
(c)The Dauphin in Chinon is like ________
The Dauphin in Chinon is like: a rat in a corner, for just like a cornered rat gives up, he too had given up and refused to fight to save Orleans.
(d)The (enemy) soldiers will be driven away like ___________
The (enemy) soldiers will be driven away like: sheep. This comparison is made because sheep, who are considered to be foolish animals, can be manoeuvered and manipulated easily.
(e)Joan of Arc is a bit of __________________
Joan of Arc is a bit of: miracle because she is courageous, confident and determined enough to go to the Dauphin and motivate him to fight for Orleans. when everybody else had given up.
Q4.Say why? Write it in your notebook.
(a)Joan wanted to meet Captain Squire, OR Explain why Joan wanted to meet Captain Squire.
Joan wanted Captain Squire to give her a horse, an armour and some soldiers and send her to meet the Dauphin. That was the reason she wanted to meet him.
(b)Joan did not ask for many soldiers from Captain Squire.
Joan did not ask for many soldiers from the
Captain Squire because the Dauphin would give her all that she needed.
(c)Poulengey, Jack and Dick had offered to accompany Joan.
Poulengey, Jack and Dick felt there was something about Joan, and that she was a bit of a miracle. Her words had put fire into them. They also felt that it was their last chance of saving Orleans. Hence they offered to accompany her.
(d)French soldiers were always beaten in war.
The French soldiers were always trying to save their lives, and would run away from the battlefield. Hence they were always beaten in war.
(e)Captain Squire Robert said, “I wash my hands off it.”
Captain Robert Squire was uncertain about allowing Joan to go to the Dauphin. He could not believe that Joan would be successful in her mission. Even then, he could not withstand her determination and confidence: he also felt that this was the last chance of saving Orleans, and that there was something special about Joan. However, he did not want to be held responsible for anything; hence he said “I wash my hands off it.”
Q5.Using a dictionary, find the difference between the following pairs of phrases. Make sentences of your own with each of them.
|1.||cut in||Interrupt||The teacher asked Rohan not to cut in when she was teaching.|
|cut out||reduce or stop something||Planting a line of trees along the road will cut out the noise from vehicles.|
|2.||be held by||before||The mayor wanted the elections to be held by the end of the month|
|be held up||Delayed||The marriage party was held up in the traffic jam.|
|3.||run away||escape; go off||The kind king allowed the captured deer to run away.|
|run for||to compete in an election||The film star wanted to run for the post of Mayor.|
|4.||be known as||to be called as||The new boss wanted to be known as a good and kind person.|
|be known for||to be famous for||Nagpur is known for its oranges.|
|5.||go with||suit each other||Don’t you think these shoes go with this dress?|
|go after||pursue; follow||You will never be happy if you go after money all the time.|
|6.||put fire into||inspire, motivate||The Chief Guest’s words put fire into the young students.|
|put fire out||extinguish||Seeing trouble brewing, the minister advised his team to put the fire out before it spread everywhere.|
Q6.From an Indian History Book or Internet find out information about Indian Women (queens) who led battles. (For example, Rani of Jhansi and Rani Karnawati of Mewad). Write 3 points of similarity and 3 points of contrast between any one of the above Indian Queens and Joan of Arc. Write in your own words.
Do it yourself.
Q7.Read the script from:
Joan (Girl) : Good morning, Captain
Squire up to __________
Joan : (simply) ________
Polly and Jack have promised to come with me.
Write a summary of that part of the script (in the indirect speech) in 15 to 20 lines. Do it in your notebook.
Joan asked the Squire to give her a horse. an armour and some soldiers, and send her to the Dauphin. On hearing this, Robert angrily asked the steward why he had not told him that she was mad. The steward told Robert to give Joan what she wanted.Robert then told Joan that he would send her back to her father with orders to lock her up. Joan replied that it wouldn’t happen that way: Robert had not wanted to see her, yet she had managed to see him.
Joan then asked him for a horse which would cost 16 francs. It was a big amount of money, but
she would save it on the armour, as she did not need a beautiful, fitting armour. A soldier’s armour would do. She said that she would not want many soldiers, for the Dauphin would give her what she needed to free Orleans. Three men would be enough for him to send with her. She adds that Polly and Jack had promised to go with her.
Q8.(A)Make the following sentence Affirmative without change of meaning.
(a)Negative: I am not so sure, now.
Negative: I am not so sure, now.
Affirmative: I am unsure now.
(b)Negative: He will not be able to stop them.
Negative: He will not be able to stop them.
Affirmative: He will be unable to stop them
(c)Negative: I don’t remember.
Negative: I don’t remember.
Affirmative: I forget.
(d)Negative: I can do no more.
Negative: I can do no more.
Affirmative: I can do this much.
(e)Negative: Sir, do not anger her
Negative: Sir, do not anger her.
Affirmative: Sir please replied from angering her
(f)Negative: I shall not want many soldiers.
Negative: I shall not want many soldiers.
Affirmative: I shall not only a few soldiers
Q8.(B)Fill in the gaps in the table.
ssc, 10th std, English, ebalbharathi, solution, chapter 3, on, wings, of, courage, Maharashtra, board, latest, edition, complete, solution, unit, one,
1.Make sentences to bring out the difference between:
wear – ____________
ware – ____________
2.Make sentences to bring out the difference between:
here – ____________
hear – ____________
3.Make sentences to bring out the difference between:
there – ____________
their – ____________
4. Make sentences to bring out the difference between:
cell – ____________
sell – ____________
Q2. © Read the text and fill in the flow chart of the promotions received by Arjan Singh.
Q2.(C) With the help of the facts given in the prepare a fact file of Air Marshal Arjan Singh.
(a)Selected for Empire Pilot training course at RAF.
(b)Promoted to Squadron Leader.
(c)Leader of flypast over 100 aircrafts at Red Fort, Delhi.
(d)Awarded Padma Vibhushan.
(e)First Air Chief Marshal of Indian Air Force.
(a)He contributed notably in bringing up the school. 👈 Click here
Q8.Glance through the text and prepare notes from the information that you get. Take only relevant points. Don’t use sentences. Arrange the points in the same order. You may use symbols or short forms. Present the points sequentially. Use highlighting techniques. 👈 Click here
Q10.You wish to join any one of the Indian Armed Forces. Fill in the following application form.
N/AF Recruitment Service
Purangaon – 456 789
Rect notice No 1234
|SerialNumber||Qualification||Name of School/College||Name of Board/University||Percentage obtained|
|E12563||SSC||Abhaya School||Maharashtra state Board||81%|
|M45896||HSC||Saint Joseph||Maharashtra state Board||74%|
Why you wish to join Armed Forces- xxxxxxxxxx
Q9.Develop a story suitable to the conclusion end given below. Suggest a suitable title:
Conclusion: ….. and so, with tears of joy and pride, the 10-year-old Sanyogita More received the National Bravery Award from the Prime Minister.
A wonderful act of bravery
It was the 26th of July in Mumbai. It was raining cats and dogs. 10-year-old Sanyogita More stood at the door of her hit. The street was flooded with water. Sanyogita was frightened. Her parents had not returned from work and she was all alone.
Suddenly, she saw two little boys, Rohan and Sohan, come out from the neighbouring hut to play in the water. As Sanyogita watched, there came a sudden gush of water and the boys were dragged towards an open manhole, which had been marked with a huge stick. They caught hold of the stick, but the stick began to tilt. It would soon fall and the boys would go down the manhole!
Sanyogita ran as fast as she could towards the boys. Pulling a rope from a nearby door, she looped it around a large stone. She held onto the rope and extended her hand towards the boys. “Catch my hand. Sohan, Rohan.” she shouted. “Catch! Catch soon!”
The boys were in a panie but they did as they were told. Sohan held Rohan’s leg. Rohan held Sanyogita’s hand, and Sanyogita held onto the rope, “Help! Help! she shouted, knowing that if the rope broke or the stone was dislodged, they would all go into the manhole.
She stood there shivering her arms numb, for nearly 15 minutes before help arrived. Sanyogita collapsed after the incident. The news of her brave deed spread far and wide, and reached the ears of the Prime Minister, who decided to honour her with an award. And so, with tears of joy and pride, the 10-year-old Sanyogita More received the National Bravery Award from the Prime Minister.
Q8.Glance through the text and prepare notes from the information that you get. Take only relevant points. Don’t use sentences. Arrange the points in the same order. You may use symbols or short forms. Present the points sequentially. Use highlighting techniques.
Air Force Marshal Arjan Singh-Icon of India’s
Captain – took over as AOC of an operational command
• took over reins of the IAF
• ambassador to Switzerland: Lieutenant Governor of Delhi
• selected for the Empire Pilot Training Course at
RAF (Cranwell) in 1938, at age 19
• promoted to rank of Squadron Leader in 1944
• led a fly-past over the Red Fort on August 15, 1947 promoted to rank of Wing Commander: promoted to rank of Air Commodore in 1949
• longest tenure as AOC 19491952 and 1957.
• appointed as Deputy Chief of Air Staff at the end of the 1962 war: appointed as Vice Chief of Air Staff in 1963
• rank of Air Marshal in August 1964; took over reins of IAF
• successfully led the IAF in 1965 Indo-Pak war
• promoted as Air Vice Marshal; appointed as
AOC-in-C of an operational command
• first Air Chief to keep his flying currency till his CAS rank: has flown more than 60 different types of aircraft
• first and only Air Chief Marshal of the IAF
Distinguished Flying Cross (1944) Padma Vibhushan
Ambassador to Switzerland; Lieutenant Governor of Delhi9.
Q7.(B)The following Homographs have the same spelling and pronunciation; but can have different meanings. Make sentences of your own to show the difference.
|(a)||firm||My neighbour recently joined an electronics firm as Sales Executive.|
|Many people feel that they must be firm with their children when they are growing|
|(b)||train||The train left from platform 2 at sevenp.m. sharp|
|You must always train your pets to obey you.|
|(c)||type||The man asked his secretary to type the letter immediately.|
|Cows eat only a particular type of grass.|
|(d)||post||My aunt quit her job because she felt that the post was not suitable for her.|
|The little boy ran to the post office to post the letter to Santa Claus.|
|(e)||current||The minister was disturbed when he read about the current situation of unrest in the country.|
|It is a difficult task to row against the current in a river.|
|(a)||led||past participle of lead (to guide or conduct)||The captain led his team to safety.|
|lead||graphite used as part of a pencil||Do you have a lead pencil?|
|(b)||role||a part (in a play, film, etc.)||Marie got the leading role in the new movie.|
|roll||move in a particular direction by turning over and over||The boy wanted to roll in the mud while playing|
|(c)||air||the invisible gaseous substance surrounding the earth||There is a lot of humidity in the air during the monsoon.|
|heir||successor or inheritor||The family did not know who the heir to the property was.|
|(d)||feat||a great achievement||Climbing Mt.Everest is a feat.|
|feet||a unit of measurement rule as king or queen||The girl saw to her shock that the lion was only a few feet away.|
|(e)||reign||rule as king or queen||Queen Elizabeth’s reign has been along one.|
|rein||Control||She can rein the situation.|
|rain||Water from sky||They went outside to enjoy the rain.|
Q6.Build the word wall with the words related to ‘Military’.
(f)After the murder of King Duncan, Macbeth took over the control of Scotland.