Chapter 8 -Voyaging Towards Excellence.

19 Dec 2020 6:11 pm

Chapter 8, Voyaging Towards Excellence, english, hsc, maharashtra board, latest edition, full solution,

Chapter 8: Voyaging Towards Excellence

1.There are different ways to travel from one place to another for different purposes. Discuss with your partner and match the words given in table A with their meanings in table B.

AB
(a) Cruise(i) a long journey on a ship
(b) Expedition(ii) a short visit to an outdoor place where people celebrate, enjoy and eat meals
(c) Camp(iii) a brief pleasure outdoor visit
(d) Trip(iv) a short journey to a place with a particular purpose
(e) Excursion(v) a place usually away from urban areas where tents are erected for shelter
(f) Picnic(vi) a journey especially by a group of people for a specific purpose
(g) Voyage(vii) a journey on a boat or ship to a number of places

SOLUTION

(a) Cruise – a journey on a boat or ship to a number of places

(b) Expedition – a journey especially by a group of people for a specific purpose

(c) Camp – a place usually away from urban areas where tents are erected for shelter

(d) Trip – a brief pleasure outdoor visit

(e) Excursion – a short journey to a place with a particular purpose

(f) Picnic – a short visit to an outdoor place where people celebrate, enjoy and eat meals

(g) Voyage – a long journey on a ship

2.Discuss the following with your partner and complete the web.

SOLUTION

1.Upbringing plays a very important role in shaping one’s life. The teacher will form two groups in the class. One group will speak in favour of the above topic while the other will speak against it. Debate brings out different perspectives, it does not mean one is right and other is wrong. You can take help of the following points and have a debate on it.

In favour of the topicAgainst the topic
1. Provides a healthy atmosphere1. Achievers can be successful in any atmosphere
2. Makes you confident2. They are self-confident, reliant and dependent
3. Helps in finding the role model3. They become role models for others
4. Helps to follow the footsteps of successful people4. They set an example for others

SOLUTION

The students can elaborate their points in favour and against the topic on the following lines.

In favour of the topicAgainst the topic
1. It breeds healthy thinking and imagination1. Examples of those who have risen from humble backgrounds such as Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar or Cristiano Ronaldo
2. Offers better exposure2. Confidence is an intrinsic quality
3. Easier to finds one’s strength if upbringing is good3. They lead by example
4. A good upbringing brings one closer to the rich and the famous, so it’s easier to find motivation in them and be like them.4. After all, someone has to take the lead, so they become an example for others when they shine through their adversities. 

[Students are expected to take cue from the pointers given in the question along with the ones given in the answer to attempt the above activity]

2.Go through the text again and describe the second innings of the writer in your own words.

SOLUTION

The author became a writer in Marathi in his second innings. He wrote 34 books in Marathi, most of which became bestsellers. He could change the lives of thousands of his readers after they read his autobiography ‘Musafir’ and his book on Psychology ‘Manat’. He even helped his readers understand complex concepts with hi book on Science, ‘Kimayagar’, and Maths, ‘Ganiti’. He has also helped create at least 20 entrepreneurs and so on. He has essentially touched the hearts of thousands of his readers in his second innings.

1.Read the text again and make a list of great Indian and foreign

personalities who had a great impact on Achyut Godbole during his childhood. One is done for you.

PoetsVinda Karandikar
Writers 
Musicians 
Dramatists 
Painters 

SOLUTION

PoetsVinda Karandikar, Mangesh Padgaonkar, Vasant Bapat
WritersKeshavsut, Mardhekar, Charles Dickens, Thomas Hardy
MusiciansPt. Bhimsen Joshi, Pt. Jasraj, Pt. Kumar Gandharv, Mozart
DramatistsShakespeare
PaintersVan Gogh, Michael Angelo

2.Find different techniques used by the writer to learn Science and Mathematics. One is done for you.

  1. The writer used to appreciate the inherent beauty of these subjects.
  2. ________________
  3. ________________
  4. ________________

SOLUTION

  1. The writer used to appreciate the inherent beauty of these subjects.
  2. The writer used to solve the Physics and Mathematics problems of 9th standard when he was in 7th standard.
  3. The writer tried to find the most elegant way of solving a problem.
  4. The writer looked beyond marks and developed a problem-solving attitude.

3.The writer faced numerous problems while communicating in English because – 

  1. He had his entire education in Marathi.
  2. _________________________
  3. _________________________
  4. _________________________
  5. _________________________

SOLUTION

  1. He had his entire education in Marathi.
  2. He would think in Marathi and translate awkwardly into English.
  3. His vocabulary was very weak.
  4. His pronunciation was terrible.
  5. His construction of English sentences was very awkward.

The writer was completely stumped because his –

1.vocabulary was _______.

SOLUTION

vocabulary was weak.

2.Spoken English was _______

SOLUTION

Spoken English was quite pathetic.

3.Pronunciation was _______

SOLUTION

Pronunciation was terrible.

4.construction of sentences was _______

SOLUTION

construction of sentences was awkward.

1.Read the text again and complete the sentence:

Due to the writer’s pathetic English speaking style, he___________

  1. _________________________
  2. _________________________
  3. _________________________

SOLUTION

Due to the writer’s pathetic English speaking style, he______

  1. was feeling quite lonely in Mumbai in general and IIT in particular
  2. developed an inferiority complex
  3. wanted to run away from IIT and even Mumbai

Complete the following sentence.

The writer wanted to achieve mastery in 1.English because he wanted to speak _______.

SOLUTION

he wanted to speak excellent, elegant and fluent English.

Complete the following sentence.

The writer wanted to achieve mastery in 2.English because he will be able to ______.

SOLUTION

he will be able to communicate well in English.

Complete the following sentence.

The writer wanted to achieve mastery in 3.English because he need not have to_________

SOLUTION

he need not have to translate from Marathi to English in an awkward manner.

1.Make a list of different steps that the writer undertook to improve his English speaking skills.

  1. ____________________
  2. ____________________
  3. ____________________

SOLUTION

  1. He started reading English newspapers and novels.
  2. He studied etymology (roots of the words) and phonetics (pronunciation of the words).
  3. He would stand in front of the mirror to practice speaking and would realize his mistakes and correct those himself; he improvised as well as improved himself day by day.

1.Read the text again and describe the writer’s achievements after gaining mastery over the English language.

  • His fear for English disappeared.
  • _________________________________
  • _________________________________

SOLUTION

  • His fear for English disappeared.
  • He started feeling confident of speaking in English at length with anybody.
  • Later in his career, he could make presentations and negotiate deals, all because of his improved English.

1.Go through the text again and complete the table comparing two different phases of life of the writer as an MD or Chief Executive Officer and an activist of Sarvodaya movement.

MD or Chief Executive OfficerActivist of Sarvodaya Movement
Head of the company for 23 yearsParticipated in a peaceful satyagraha
  
  

SOLUTION

MD or Chief Executive OfficerActivist of Sarvodaya Movement
Head of the company for 23 yearsParticipated in a peaceful satyagraha
Travelled all over the globe around 150 times for businessWent to jail for 10 days
Wrote four books of 500-700 pages each on Information TechnologyWas jobless for a while, and then did a lowly paid job

1.Complete the web highlighting the various opportunities you gained due to your good English speaking skills.

SOLUTION

  • Always selected for debate competitions 
  • Made the secretary of school’s literary club 
  • Asked to anchor school functions
  • Sent as the school’s student representative to various inter-school competitions/functions

2.Describe situation or incident when you felt embarrassed for your lack of knowledge of a particular subject or incompetence in speaking English fluently.

SOLUTION

This incident happened when I was in the 8th standard and was chosen as the news-reader for the week during the morning assembly of the school. I was scared because I had just moved to an English-medium school from a vernacular-medium school and didn’t know whether I would be able to read the news in front of so many people. It was also going to be my first stage-appearance, which made me all the more anxious. As expected, I lost confidence while on stage and couldn’t read properly in front of four thousand students, teachers and the principal in the assembly. I felt embarrassed at my incompetence and thought that I was inferior as compared to the other students. I didn’t go back on the stage until I had improved my English.

Fill in the blank selecting the correct phrase from the alternatives given. 

[be completely stumped, be broken, feel out of place, speak at length, feel at home, sea of knowledge, broaden one’s horizon, one’s second innings, touch the hearts, keep one going]

1.By the end of the week she was beginning ________ home in her new job.

SOLUTION

By the end of the week she was beginning to feel at home in her new job.

2.When he lost his mother he was completely ________.

SOLUTION

When he lost his mother he was completely broken.

3.Travelling can help to _______.

SOLUTION

Travelling can help to broaden one’s horizon.

4.After my retirement, I started ________ as a social worker

SOLUTION

After my retirement, I started my second innings as a social worker.

5.Having faith in God _______ in difficult situation.

SOLUTION

Having faith in God keeps one going in difficult situation.

6.To succeed in any competitive examination, one requires a _______.

SOLUTION

To succeed in any competitive examination, one requires a sea of knowledge.

7.The simple village girl _______ in a formal party.

SOLUTION

The simple village girl feels out of place in a formal party.

8.The work done by Sindhutai Sapkal _______ of millions.

SOLUTION

The work done by Sindhutai Sapkal touches the hearts of millions.

9.The teacher _______ explaining the concept.

SOLUTION

The teacher spoke at length explaining the concept.

10.The speaker was ________ by the intelligent questions asked by the audience.

SOLUTION

The speaker was completely stumped by the intelligent questions asked by the audience.

1.Read the text again and find out all the words related to the game of cricket. List two meanings of each. One is done for you.

Words related to the game of cricketMeanings
1. Second inningsGeneralthe second phase of the life of an individual where he/she starts/pursues a new or different career or the post-retirement life
Cricketwhen a team comes to bat for the second time in a test match
2.  
3.  
4.  

SOLUTION

Words related to the game of cricketMeanings
1. Second inningsGeneralthe second phase of the life of an individual where he/she starts/pursues a new or different career or the post-retirement life
Cricketwhen a team comes to bat for the second time in a test match
2. ScoringGeneralto secure or obtain, as in scoring marks
Cricketgetting runs
3. RunGeneralthe action of moving fast on one’s feet
Cricketone unit of the score in a game
4. LengthGeneralthe extent
Cricketthe distance that cricket ball travels before bouncing on the pitch

2.Go through the text to find the antonyms of the words given in the grid and fill the boxes. One is done for you.

(1) unlucky                       (2) solution

(3) trust                            (4) confident

(5) advanced                    (6)  blockhead

SOLUTION

Primary Auxiliary Verbs are ‘be’, ‘have’, and ‘do’ which occur most commonly and can also be used as a main verb in a clause.

Go through the sentences given below and say whether the verbs are the main verbs or primary auxiliary verbs.

1.I had a very simple upbringing. __

SOLUTION

had main verb

2.I was immensely impressed.___

SOLUTION

was – main verb

3.I had learnt from my childhood that money did not mean everything in life.___

SOLUTION

had – auxiliary verb

4.He was a convent educated guy.___

SOLUTION

was – main verb

5.They did all the work in time.__

SOLUTION

did – main verb

6. had to achieve a lot in life.___

SOLUTION

had – auxiliary verb

1.Read the given sentences:

  • Does Sam write all his own reports?
  • The secretaries haven’t written all the letters yet.
  • Terry is writing an e-mail to a client at the moment.

The verbs in bold are broadly used to express tense. ‘Do’ can also be used for adding emphasis, as in “I do know the answer.” The verbs “be’, ‘have’ and ‘do’ are called Primary Auxiliaries. When helping verbs are used to express the mode or action, they are called Modals.

  • You shall have a holiday tomorrow. (Simple Future)
  • We should obey our elders. (Obligation)
  • I can play the piano. (Ability) 
  • Could you open the window, please? (Request).

In the above examples, the modals indicate the expressions given in brackets. There are other modals that are used for expressions.

Study the given table carefully and do the activities that follow.

Modals less definite to more definiteExpressions
can, couldability
shouldadvise, obligation
shall, willfuturity, determination
wouldhabitual past, request
may, mightpermission, possibility
must, have tocompulsion
used tohabitual past
ought toobligation
need tonecessity
dare tocourage

(a) Fill in the blanks with appropriate modals according to the situations given in the following sentences.

  1. Take an umbrella. It _______ rain later.
  2. People _______ walk on the grass.
  3. _______ I ask you a question?
  4. The signal has turned red. You _______ wait.
  5. I was a sportsperson in my school days. I ________ play badminton.
  6. I am going to the library. I _______ find my friend there.

(b) Find from the text, the sentences that show past habit.

SOLUTION

(a)

  1. Take an umbrella. It may rain later.
  2. People should not walk on the grass.
  3. May I ask you a question?
  4. The signal has turned red. You must wait.
  5. I was a sportsperson in my school days. I used to play badminton.
  6. I am going to the library. I might find my friend there.

(b) The following lines from the text show past habits.

  • They used to talk about Keshavsut, Mardhekar, Shakespeare, Charles Dickens, and Thomas Hardy.
  • Must of the times, the topics of discussion at home were about music, literature, paintings, sculptures etc.
  • In fact, I loved these subjects.
  • I used to study these, subjects or any subjects for that matter for its inherent beauty.
  • At IT, most of the students and professors used to converse in English whereas my English was very poor.
  • I used to stand in front of the mirror and practice speaking English, realising my mistakes and correcting them myself all the time and improvising and improving day by day.

Do as Directed.

1.I did not fully understand their discussions but I was immensely impressed.  (Remove ‘but’)

SOLUTION

Although I did not fully understand their discussions, I was immensely impressed.

2.I had decided that I would do nothing of this sort. (Remove ‘that’)

SOLUTION

I had decided against doing anything of this sort.

3.My fear had vanished and I started feeling at home in my hostel.  (Use ‘when’)

SOLUTION

When my fear had vanished, I started feeling at home in my hostel.

4.It was only my self-esteem which stopped me.  (Remove ‘which’)

SOLUTION

Only my self-esteem stopped me.

5.I plunged into all these branches of knowledge. It was a period of renaissance.    (Join with ‘which’)

SOLUTION

It was the period of renaissance during which I plunged into these branches of knowledge.

6.When I look back, there are a number of lessons that I cherish.  (Remove ‘When’)

SOLUTION

On looking back, there are a number of lessons that I cherish.

7.There are hundreds who tell me that they understood the theory of relativity.      (Remove ‘who’)

SOLUTION

There are hundreds telling me that they understood the theory of relativity.

1.Flyer is a small piece of paper intended for wide distribution at a public place, handed out to individuals or sent through mail or post it is used for advertising, an event, programme, drive or product.

Admissions Open New Arts, Science and Commerce College,
New Delhi (Mission Statement: Changing Lives Through Quality Education)
DetailsFeaturesWhy To Choose Us
Courses availableJunior College, Undergraduate and Post graduateCertificate courses and diplomasRegualr and Distance modesBig, spacious and smart classroomsHighly experienced teaching staffAdvanced courses and programmesModern and digital technologyOur student shine in all walks of life.Our teachers’ passion and dedicationBeautiful campus and ambienceRecord-breaking resultsOur name itself is a sign of trust
For more details or any query:
Contact: Principal Supervisor/Heads of different Depart
ments or visit the
website: www.newartsscienceandcommercecollegenewdelhi.in
Time: 10 am to 5.30 pm

Go through the sample of the flyer given above and prepare flyers on the following topics.

Use the following points:

  • Details
  • Special Features
  • Why to choose us / Need of drive/ Purpose of the mission
  • Anything special
  • Add your own points

Topics:

  1. Yoga Class / Summer Hobby Class
  2. Tree Plantation Drive
  3. Cleanliness Drive
  4. Help us to end Child Labour
  5. Let’s get rid of the monsters – tobacco and alcohol

SOLUTION

(1) Yoga Class / Summer Hobby Class

Join Today!                                     Join Today!
Prehub Yoga ClubWhere fitness is a way of life
135/21, M.G.Road, Dadar(W), Mumbai
DetailsFeaturesWhy to choose usAnything Special
Batches starting from next weekWeekday and Weekend batches availableSuitable timings (10 a.m. to 7 p.m.)Hourly batches focusing on strength training, gaining flexibility, improving posture, weight management, strengthening core, and increasing energyGet trained by yoga gurus practising the form for two decadesAccess the stateof-the-art, airconditioned rooms built specifically for yogaAvailability of outdoor podium for practising yoga in the fresh airAvailability of spacious changing rooms and shower roomsGet private instructors for specialised training Tarunya Yoga Club is a multicity franchiseWe are spread over 54 cities across IndiaRenowned yoga gurus acclaimed for this form are associated with usOur focus is to help you build a healthy and balanced lifestyle through strengthening your coreTerrific discounts for early enrollers!Only yoga club in the city with additional amenitiesAdditional discounts for each referralBecome a part of our multi-city yoga club and stand a chance to participate in our amazing workshops
For additional deatils:call 965472xxxxFor enrolling:call 823622xxxx or visite our website www.hubyoga .com


Note :Do the rest of the topics yourself
1.Achyut Godbole has written many bestsellers that are famous far and wide. Read at least two books of your choice, make summary of those books and submit. SOLUTIONDo it yourself.         completed

1.Achyut Godbole has written many bestsellers that are famous far and wide. Read at least two books of your choice, make summary of those books and submit.

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.


         completed

VISITORS COUNT

403133
Users Today : 143
Total Users : 403132
Views Today : 2478
Total views : 1413983

Browse Categories

Archives