Chapter 6 – The Alchemy of nature.

18 Feb 2021 10:58 am

ssc, English, kumarbharathi, chapter 6, The alchemy of nature, Maharashtra, board, full, solution,

Q1.Rearrange the good qualities in each set, so that the first letter of each of the words should make a meaningful word. Join the sets and get a message.

Set 1: Understanding/Adaptable/Tolerant/Neat/ Encouraging Resourceful.

– The word is _____________

Set 2: Selfless/Inspiring

– The word is ____________

Set 3: Youthful/Modest

– The word is ___________

Set 4: Affectionate/Compassionate/Empathetic/ Earnest/Honest/Reliable/Trustworthy

– The word is _____________

– The message is _______________

SOLUTION

Set 1: Neat/Adaptable/Tolerant/Understanding Resourceful/Encouraging

Set 2: Inspiring/Selfless

Set 3: Modest/Youthful

Set 4: Trustworthy/Earnest/Affectionate /Compassionate/Honest/Empathetic/Reliable

The message is: Nature is my teacher.

Q2.Various aspects of Nature have special features that make them differ from one another.

For example, Birds:- appearance, shape, colour, size, food habits, habitat, sound etc.

Write such special features of each of the following.

  • Land- _______________
  • Water- ______________
  • Trees- _______________
  • Animals- ____________
  • Insects- _____________

SOLUTION

  • Land- geographical features, colours, shapes, appearance, chemical composition, uses.
  • Water- width and length of various water bodies, chemical composition (sweet water, salt water).
    colours (according to sand beds), rocks, coral reefs, variety of sea creatures.
  • Trees– height and shape of leaves, changing (or unchanging) colour during seasons, fruits, flowers, medicinal products, types of soil, climate and habitat required for their existence.
  • Animals- shapes, sizes and colours, different habitats, kinds: wild or domestic, uses.
  • Insects- shapes, sizes. colours, number of legs, different habitats, sounds, uses.

Q3.Make a list of living creatures in the alphabetical order. You can write more than one beginning with the same letter.

SOLUTION

A – AnacondaN – Nighthawk
B – ButterflyO – Ostrich
C – CrabP – Penguin
D – DogQ – Quail (Bird)
E – ElephantR – Rooster
F – FrogS – Sheep
G – GoatT – Tiger
H – HorseU – Umbrella Cockatoo (Bird)
I – Iguana (Lizard)V – Vulture
J – JellyfishW – Whale
K – KangarooX – Xenopus (Frog)
L – LionY – Yak
M – MonkeyZ – Zebra

Q1.What things in nature teach us the following:

(a)Nothing is impossible to achieve ____________.

SOLUTION

Nothing is impossible to achieve ants; small bits of grass peeping from cracks in the concrete.

(b)Problems are not permanent ___________.

SOLUTION

Problems are not permanent trees that are bare in winter.

(c)Be humble and adjust ____________

SOLUTION

Be humble and adjust water.

(d)Make the best use of time and opportunity__________.

SOLUTION

Make the best use of time and opportunity Hibiscus flower.

(e)Be persistent ____________.

SOLUTION

Be persistent water.

(f)Many hands make work light ____________.

SOLUTION

Many hands make work light ants.

(g)Delicate structures are not a sign of weakness ______.

SOLUTION

Delicate structures are not a sign of weakness spider webs.

Q2.Read the question from the lesson. What do they imply?

(a)Are you listening?

SOLUTION

It implies that one must listen.

(b)What if we too had lived our lives, however short, to the fullest?

SOLUTION

It implies that we too should live our lives to the fullest, however short they may be.

(c)What if we too are consistent, organized, focused…?

SOLUTION

It implies that we too could do wonders if we were consistent, organized, focussed…..

Q3.Go through the lesson again and complete the flow-chart that highlights the life of a ‘hibiscus’ flower.

SOLUTION

Q4.Fill the web

SOLUTION

Q5.The writer explains the contrasting features of ‘water’ and ‘rock’ in the lesson. Write all the features of both water and rock in the given table.

WaterRock
1.1.
2.2.
3.3.
4.4.

SOLUTION

WaterRock
1. gentle1. hard
2. persistent2. humble
3. persevering3. obedient
4. determined4. adaptable

Q6.The writer bas very positively described the different things in nature. Discuss with your partner the special features of coach one of them. Add on the list.

Part of NatureSpecial featureValue learnt
1. Rainbow  
2. Caterpillar  
3.   
4.  
5.  
6.  
7.  

SOLUTION

Part of NatureSpecial featureValue learnt
1. Rainbowcheer
fulness; acceptance.
Even when there are problems in the surroundings, we must be cheerful and spread colour and happiness.
2. Caterpillarpatience; acceptanceThere is a bright and beautiful future ahead.
3. hibiscus floweroptimism; cheer
fulness
However short life may be, we must live it to the fullest.
4. rocksobedience to nature; adjustment; humilityObey the commands of nature; adjust to the situation; be humble
5. bits of grassoptimism; perse
verance
However impossible things may look, there is an opening.
6. bare treeoptimism, faith; convictionHowever difficult things are in the present, it will not remain so forever. With conviction we should remind ourselves that this too will pass.
7. waterperse
verance; deter
mination; humility
(i) Even colossal problems surmounted if we persist. can be(ii) Learn to adapt to others without any hint of ego

Q7.Think and answer in your own words.

(a)How should you deal with difficulties and problems?

SOLUTION

When I come across problems in life, I turn towards nature for inspiration. I try to understand how the different elements in nature deal with their difficulties and try to solve my own problems in the same way.

(b)‘An oyster turns a grain of sand into a pearl.’ What can we learn from this example?

SOLUTION

We learn that there is a mysterious power or magic in nature that can change things dramatically.

(c)How does nature succeed in its ‘Alchemy’? What can it turn a small person into?

SOLUTION

Nature succeed in its ‘Alchemy’ by changing things in a mysterious way. It can turn a small person into anything he/she wishes; one touches nature and becomes gold oneself.

(d)Which two aspects of nature teach us to accept change and adjust according to the situation?

SOLUTION

With gentle humility, water changes its form according to the dictates of the sun and the wind. The bare trees wait patiently during the winter months for the arrival of spring, when they get fresh green leaves. These two aspects of nature teach us to accept change and adjust according to the situation.

(e)Why does the writer begin by quoting the lines from William Blake’s poem ‘Auguries of Innocence’?

SOLUTION

These lines show that if we pause to reflect. there is much beauty in nature and plenty that we can learn from it. The write-up expands on the same idea. thus reflecting the philosophy of the poetic lines by William Blake.

Q8.(A)Pick out from lesson 10 examples of each.

  • Concrete Nouns (that you can touch or see)
    For example, sand
  • Abstract Nouns (that which you cannot touch or see
    For example, infinity

SOLUTION

  • Concrete Nouns (that you can touch or see)

For example, sand

  1. water
  2. rock
  3. flower
  4. tree
  5. grass
  6. leaves
  7. system
  8. Butterfly
  9. dawd
  10. wind
  • Abstract Nouns (that which you cannot touch or see)

For example, infinity

  1. Imagination
  2. Joy
  3. Destiny
  4. Atternity
  5. Deeds
  6. Time
  7. Space
  8. Idea
  9. Ego
  10. Elegance

Q8.(B)Underline the verbs in the sentence and say whether it is Transitive (needing an Object) or Intransitive (need not have an Object).

1.One can witness and experience the beauty of Heaven

SOLUTION

One can witness and experience the beauty of Heaven.

witness and experience are the verbs.

∴ It is Transitive.

2.It leaves me in complete awe.

SOLUTION

It leaves me in complete awe.

leaves are the verb.

∴ It is Intransitive.

3.Nature soothes and nurtures.

SOLUTION

Nature soothes and nurtures.

Soothes and nurtures are the verbs.

∴ It is Intransitive.

4.It withers completely.

SOLUTION

It withers completely.

withers are the verb.

∴ It is Intransitive.

5.The flower comes to life only for a day.

SOLUTION

The flower comes to life only for a day.

comes are the verb.

∴ It is Intransitive.

6.A rainbow colours the entire sky.

SOLUTION

A rainbow colours the entire sky.

colours are the verb.

∴ It is Transitive.

7.It smiles and dances

SOLUTION

It smiles and dances.

smiles and dances are the verbs.

∴ It is Intransitive.

Q9.(A)Compose about 8-10 sets of imaginary dialogue between a bird, a tree and its fruit regarding the effects of environmental changes. Write it in your notebooks.

SOLUTION

Conversation between a bird, a tree and its fruit:

  • Conversation 1:

Bird: Hi there, tree! How are you doing?

Tree: Not too well. I can’t breathe. There’s too much of dust and smoke here.

Bird: What, here too? I’ve come here to escape just that!

Fruit: Wrong place, birdie. Look at me: do I look healthy? I’m not growing. Too many insecticides have been sprayed on me.

Bird: Oh, oh. Maybe I should leave this place too.

  • Conversation 2:

Tree: Oh, no! Something is happening! My roots are getting loose!

Bird: That’s called erosion. Soil erosion.

Tree: What happens next?

Bird: The next time it rains heavily-boom! Down you will go! And away I will fly.

Tree: Can’t someone help me?

Fruit: What about me?

Q9.(B)Prepare a Fact file of any of the following plants/trees, using the points given.

[coconut / neem / basil / cactus / apple]

  • Name of Plant/Tree _________
  • Scientific name ___________
  • Region and climate ___________
  • Features ___________
  • Growth _____________
  • Size, shape and colour ____________
  • Uses __________
  • Any special feature ________

SOLUTION

Profile of the Coconut Tree and Fruit

  1. Names:
    English name Coconut;
    Sanskrit name – Narikela;
    Hindi name – Nariyal.
  2. Scientific name:
    cocos nucifera; belongs to the family ‘Palmae’ or the palm family (also known as Arecaceae).
  3. Region and Climate:
    Tropical and sub tropical coastal regions, especially near sea beaches.
  4. Features:
    i. Fruit: has a thick fibrous coir over the hard shell: inside the kernel colourless liquid;
    ii. leaves: feather-shaped and split into lots of leaflets.
  5. Growth:
    Coconut trees can grow from 15 to 30 metres in height in plantations
  6. Size and shape:
    Coconut fruits are oval in shape. The trunk of the coconut tree is ringed with scars where old leaves have fallen. The top of the trunk is crowned with a rosette of leaves. The leaves can grow up to 7 feet long and can have 250 leaflets.
  7. Uses:
    i. Coir weaving and leaves: matting, thatching and
    ii. Hard outer shell: about 10 to 15 inches in length: used to make articles such as spoons, eating utensils, charcoal, etc.
    iii. Inside of the shell: lined with a white edible layer called the meat: used for cooking or extraction of oil, making of soaps or cosmetics: also to make chemical Industrial and medicinal products: contains coconut water which is very nutritious.
    iv. Husk and leaves: used as material to make a variety of products for furnishing and decorating
  8. Any special feature:
    Known in India as kalpavriksha’ or the tree of heaven’ because of its many uses: the term coconut is derived from the 16th century Portuguese and Spanish. meaning grinning face from the three small holes on the coconut shell that resemble human facial features.

Q10.’Impossible’ itself says ‘I M possible’. Do you agree? Justify your answer by citing something that you have experienced or heard from someone.

SOLUTION

Yes, I agree. It is possible to do the most difficult of things providing we have the will and conviction to do so. The example that comes to my mind as justification is that of Sudha Chandran, the dancer. Though her leg was amputated below the knee, with great grit and determination she restarted dancing and went on to become a famous dancer and actress. This shows that one can do things which seem to be impossible.

Q11.You have an environment protection week celebration in your school. You have invited an environmentalist. Your friend interviews him/her about how to save the environment. Frame suitable Interview Questions

SOLUTION

Jai interviews Mr. Ali, an environmentalist:

Jai: Good morning. Sir. Welcome to our school. would like to ask you a few questions for a write-up in your school magazine. My first question: What is your opinion about the concept of having an environment protection week’s celebration?

Mr. Ali: I think it’s a wonderful idea, though I would not call it a “celebration’.

Jai: Why is that, sir?

Mr. Ali: Well, you have a celebration when you are happy about something. In our town, the protection of the environment is so poor that I, as an environmentalist, am not at all happy about it.

Jai: Can you give us some tips to protect the environment?

Mr. Ali: Certainly, my boy. First of all, we should grow more trees wherever possible. It should be made mandatory for every factory, office. residential building, etc. to plant trees before starting construction. If trees have to be cut down for any purpose, efforts must be made to transplant them.

Jai: What about the menace of plastic, sir?

Mr. Ali: We cannot eliminate plastic completely: however, the thickness of plastic bags and the methods of disposal should be made clear to all. Air, water and noise pollution must be dealt with too.

Jai: Please expand on that, sir.

Mr. Ali: Well, industrial and vehicular pollution must be controlled: water bodies must be kept clean. Those who break rules must be penalized. Loudspeakers must be banned during the night hours. Oh, there are lots of things to be done, lots of things.

Jai: Thank you sir, for giving some of your precious time for this interview.

Q12.Write a News Report on the ‘Environment Day’ celebrated in your school.

SOLUTION

Environment Day Celebrations

Nagpur, June 7 World Environment Day was celebrated in New Era School with great fanfare on June 5. The main purpose of the celebration was to spread awareness about the need to protect the environment and the ways to do it.

The day was flagged off by a tree plantation drive in the locality. 300 quick-growing trees, which do not need much water on a daily basis, were planted near the school wall and in the surrounding area. An eminent environmentalist, Mr. A.T. All spoke on the ways to protect the environment. He also judged the Posters and Photographs’ exhibition and gave away prizes for the best entries Environmentally-friendly articles like disposable plates and cups made from bamboo and banana stem, bags made from leaf waste, etc. were on sale. Students gave continuous powerpoint presentations on the threats to the environment. Last but not the least, was the spirited debate on the topic Man: The worst enemy of the Environment’.

All in all the day was a great success, and has certainly made a difference to the way we view our environment

– Josh Matthew New Era School

Q13.Just For Laughs! Enjoy!

Divide the class into two groups. On 12 to 15 slips of paper, Group A writes 12 to 15 conditional clauses beginning with ‘If’.

(For example, If I work very hard, )

Group B writes 12 to 15 main clauses.)

(For example, I would/shall have a pizza.)

Now, one student from Group ‘A’ reads the first conditional clause (possibility) and one student from Group ‘B’ reads the first main clause. It forms crazy sentences, just for laughter and fun. ENJOY!

SOLUTION

Do it yourself.

COMPLETED


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