# Chapter 4 – Algebra – Ex – 4.3.

10 Dec 2020 2:52 pm

Tamilnadu, Samacheer, Kalvi, 10th, sslc, Maths, Solutions, Chapter 4, Algebra, Ex 4.3,

Question 1.
A man goes 18 m due east and then 24 m due north. Find the distance of his current position from the starting point?
Solution:
Let the initial position of the man be “O” and his final
position be “B”.
By Pythagoras theorem
In the right ∆ OAB,

OB2 = OA2 + AB2
= 182 + 242
= 324 + 576 = 900
OB = 900−−−√ = 30
The distance of his current position is 30 m

Question 2.
There are two paths that one can choose to go from Sarah’s house to James house. One way is to take C street, and the other way requires to take A street and then B street. How much shorter is the direct path along C street? (Using figure).

Solution:
Distance between Sarah House and James House using “C street”.
AC2 = AB2 + BC2
= 22 + 1.52
= 4 + 2.25 = 6.25
AC = 6.25−−−−√
AC = 2.5 miles

Distance covered by using “A Street” and “B Street”
= (2 + 1.5) miles = 3.5 miles
Difference in distance = 3.5 miles – 2.5 miles = 1 mile

Question 3.
To get from point A to point B you must avoid walking through a pond. You must walk 34 m south and 41 m east. To the nearest meter, how many meters would be saved if it were possible to make a way through the pond?
Solution:
In the right ∆ABC,
By Pythagoras theorem
AC2= AB2 + BC2 = 342 + 412
= 1156 + 1681 = 2837
AC = 2837−−−−√
= 53.26 m

Through A one must walk (34m + 41m) 75 m to reach C.
The difference in Distance = 75 – 53.26
= 21.74 m

Question 4.
In the rectangle WXYZ, XY + YZ = 17 cm, and XZ + YW = 26 cm.
Calculate the length and breadth of the rectangle?

Solution:
Let the length of the rectangle be “a” and the breadth of the rectangle be “b”.
XY + YZ = 17 cm
b + a = 17 …….. (1)
In the right ∆ WXZ,
XZ2 = WX2 + WZ2
(XZ)2 = a2 + b2

XZ = a2+b2−−−−−−√
Similarly WY = a2+b2−−−−−−√ ⇒ XZ + WY = 26
2 a2+b2−−−−−−√ = 26 ⇒ a2+b2−−−−−−√ = 13
Squaring on both sides
a2 + b2 = 169
(a + b)2 – 2ab = 169
172 – 2ab = 169 ⇒ 289 – 169 = 2 ab
120 = 2 ab ⇒ ∴ ab = 60
a = 60b ….. (2)
Substituting the value of a = 60b in (1)
60b + b = 17
b2 – 17b + 60 = 0
(b – 2) (b – 5) = 0
b = 12 or b = 5

If b = 12 ⇒ a = 5
If b = 6 ⇒ a = 12
Lenght = 12 m and breadth = 5 m

Question 5.
The hypotenuse of a right triangle is 6 m more than twice of the shortest side. If the third side is 2 m less than the hypotenuse, find the sides of the triangle.
Solution:
Let the shortest side of the right ∆ be x.
∴ Hypotenuse = 6 + 2x
Third side = 2x + 6 – 2
= 2x + 4

In the right triangle ABC,
AC2 = AB2 + BC2
(2x + 6)2 = x2 + (2x + 4)2
4x2 + 36 + 24x = x2 + 4x2 + 16 + 16x
0 = x2 – 24x + 16x – 36 + 16
∴ x2 – 8x – 20 = 0
(x – 10) (x + 2) = 0
x – 10 = 0 or x + 2 = 0

x = 10 or x = -2 (Negative value will be omitted)
The side AB = 10 m
The side BC = 2 (10) + 4 = 24 m
Hypotenuse AC = 2(10) + 6 = 26 m

Question 6.
5 m long ladder is placed leaning towards a vertical wall such that it reaches the wall at a point 4m high. If the foot of the ladder is moved 1.6 m towards the wall, then find the distance by which the top of the ladder would slide upwards on the wall.
Solution:
“C” is the position of the foot of the ladder “A” is the position of the top of the ladder.
In the right ∆ABC,
BC2 = AC2 – AB2 = 52 – 42
= 25 – 16 = 9
BC = 9–√ = 3m.
When the foot of the ladder moved 1.6 m toward the wall.
The distance between the foot of the ladder to the ground is
BE = 3 – 1.6 m
= 1.4 m

Let the distance moved upward on the wall be “h” m
The ladder touch the wall at (4 + h) M
In the right triangle BED,
ED2 = AB2 + BE2
52 = (4 + h)2 + (1.4)2
25 – 1.96= (4 + h)2
∴ 4 + h = 23.04−−−−√
4 + h = 4. 8 m
h = 4.8 – 4
= 0.8 m
Distance moved upward on the wall = 0.8 m

Question 7.
The perpendicular PS on the base QR of a ∆PQR intersects QR at S, such that QS = 3 SR. Prove that 2PQ2 = 2PR2 + QR2.
Solution:
Given QS = 3SR
QR = QS + SR
= 3SR + SR = 4SR
SR = 14 QR …..(1)
QS = 3SR
SR = QS3 ……..(2)

From (1) and (2) we get
14 QR = QS3
∴ QS = 34 QR ………(3)
In the right ∆ PQS,
PQ2 = PS2 + QS2 ……….(4)
Similarly in ∆ PSR
PR2 = PS2 + SR2 ………..(5)
Subtract (4) and (5)
PQ2 – PR2 = PS2 + QS2 – PS2 – SR2
= QS2 – SR2

PQ2 – PR2 = 12 QR2
2PQ2 – 2PR2 = QR2
2PQ2 = 2PR2 + QR2
Hence the proved.

Question 8.
In the adjacent figure, ABC is a right angled triangle with right angle at B and points D, E trisect BC. Prove that 8AE2 = 3AC2 + 5AD2.
Solution:
Since the Points D, E trisect BC.
BD = DE = CE
Let BD = DE = CE = x
BE = 2x and BC = 3x

In the right ∆ABD,
AD2 = AB2 + BD2
AD= AB2 + x2 ……….(1)
In the right ∆ABE,
AE2 = AB2 + 2BE2
AE2 = AB2 + 4X2 ………..(2) (BE = 2x)
In the right ∆ABC
AC2 = AB2 + BC2
AC2 = AB2 + 9x2 …………… (3) (BC = 3x)
R.H.S = 3AC2 + 5AD2
= 3[AB2 + 9x2] + 5 [AB2 + x2] [From (1) and (3)]
= 3AB2 + 27x2 + 5AB2 + 5x2
= 8AB2 + 32x2
= 8 (AB2 + 4 x2)
= 8AE2 [From (2)]
= R.H.S.
∴ 8AE2 = 3AC2 + 5AD2

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