27 Dec 2020 5:14 pm
Balbharati, solutions, for, Social, Science History, and, Civics, 10th, Standard, SSC, Maharashtra, State, Board, chapter, 3, political party, Latest edition,
When people come together and participate in electoral process, to acquire political power, such organisations are called ____________
National Conference is a party in _________ State.
Jammu and Kashmir
Justice Party – a non-Brahmin movement was transformed into ___________ Political Party.
Assam Gan Parishad
Dravid Munnetra Kazhagam
Jammu and Kashmir National Conference
Political parties act as a link between government and people.
Reason: Political parties act as a link between government and people. They communicate the demands and the complaints of the people to their elected representatives in the government. The government, on the other hand, tries to get support of the people for its policies through the political parties.
Political parties are social organisations.
Reason: Political parties are social organizations which the objective to attaining power, winning elections and forming the government. Political parties have an ideology and agenda towards achieving their social goals through electoral politics.
Coalition politics leads to instability.
Reason: Coalition politics has lead to stability in India after long years of dominant rule of the Congress party. Since there are many stakeholders to the power, coalitions governments have proved to be success stories of democratic political process in our country.
Shiromani Akali Dal is a national party.
Reason: Shiromani Akali Dal is a regional party in Punjab. It was established in 1920 and has enjoyed power in the state of Punjab for many years. It has the current government in Punjab under the leadership of Prakash Singh Badal.
Regionalism can be simply put as the feeling of affinity among people of a particular region, unified with a common language. It’s an identity consciousness associated with language, literature, traditions and cultural movements and gave rise to the development of linguistic identities in modern India. Over the years, regionalism has become problematic vis-� -vis development of a region and the feeling that only people belonging to that particular region have the sole claim resources and employment opportunities. In such a divided political environment, many regional political parties have mushroomed in various parts of the country to voice the concerns of the people in their region.
E.g. Shiv Sena (Maharastra), Shiromani Akali Dal (Punjab), Assam Gan Parishad (Assam) etc.
National Parties – Nationalist Congress Party
The political parties that secure a minimum of 6% valid votes in four (or more) States in the Loksabha or State Assembly elections and have a minimum of its 4 elected members in the Loksabha are recognized as National Parties. E.g. Indian National Congress (INC), Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI).
Another criteria for recognition as a National Parties mandates that the candidates of a party should be elected from a minimum of 2% of total Loksabha constituency and a minimum of 3 states.
What are the major characteristics of political parties
The major characteristics of political parties are:
1. To attain power
It is the main objective of all political parties. They compete with each other for the same; there is nothing wrong with the objective of gaining power as long as the competition is fair.
2. To pursue an ideology
A party’s stand on certain social issues defines its ideology. In modern times, most political parties have similar ideologies which make it difficult for the common voter to decide whom to support.
3. To have a common agenda
On the basis of their ideologies, parties prepare their agendas. They aim to garner public support for their agenda in order to win elections and implement them.
4. To establish a government
The political party which gets the majority of votes in the elections forms the government; the parties with lesser votes form the opposition.
5. To act as a link between people & the government.
Political parties are the connecting link between people and the government. They communicate the demands and the complaints of the people to the elected leaders and on the other hand, the government tries to get the support of the people for its policies and programs through the channel of political parties.
What changes have taken place in the nature of political parties in India?
Three major phases that have marked the changing nature of political parties in India are:
1. The single dominant party system
After independence, Congress was the single most powerful political party in the country. It had government both the center and most regional states for a long time.
2. The challenge to the Single dominant party system
In 1977, in the spirit of democracy, the non-Congress parties come together to challenge the single-party dominance. Congress lost elections at the center owing to the anti-decentralization policies of Indira Gandhi followed during the emergency years (1975-77) and various regional parties took this opportunity to mark their foothold in regional politics.
3. The Coalition Government
After the 1989 General Elections, no single party could achieve a defining major to form the government at the centre. Hence, different parties came together to form coalition governments. Contrary to popular belief, the coalition system of government has been a successful practice in India. Owing to the multiple stakeholders in the government, the decision-making process has been gradual but it is important to note that various regional concerns have found a voice at the national stage, thus strengthening the democracy.
In a map of Maharashtra, point out the Loksabha constituency that includes the names of your parents.