# Chapter 11 – The Inchcape Rock

20 Dec 2020 7:57 am

Chapter 11, The Inchcape Rock, english, hsc, maharashtra board, latest edition, full solution,

Chapter 11: The Inchcape Rock

1.Prepare a word register related to marine life.

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sailors, salt, waves, tide, coral reefs, octopus, sea-weed, compass, starboard, port, coast, harbour, maritime, nautical mile

2.The functions of a lighthouse are

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• To show the direction
• To keep vigil
• To warn ships of the dangers during darkness
• To send signals to the ships by blinking the light in Morse code

3.Discuss in pairs the various famous rocks in the world and mention the places where they are.

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4.Narrate in class a story about someone who destroyed or spoilt someone else’s good work.

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There was once a grumpy man, who didn’t like anyone in his neighbourhood. Whenever the people would organise a community event, they would invite him to help and try to make him feel a part of the community. However, the grumpy man never attended any of the events. He stayed in his house all the time, never talking to anyone. Eventually, the neighbourhood stopped inviting him to any gatherings. Once when his neighbours had organised a funfair, the grumpy man, out of spite, destroyed the entire set-up the night before the event. The next morning, when everyone saw what had happened, they knew that the grumpy man must have been behind it. They let him off with a warning that the next time he caused destruction; they would report him to the police. As the grumpy man had spoiled everyone’s good work, they all decided never to speak to him again.

5.Discuss in pairs and groups the following expressions. Take the help of your teacher.

1. As you sow so shall you reap
2. Crime gets its own punishment
3. What goes around comes around
4. Tit for tat
5. Evil digs a pit for others but falls into the same

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The given expressions have the traditional theory of Karma at their core sooner or later we will have to bear the consequences of all our actions, whether good or bad. So, instead of thinking ill of others, we should focus on being good towards them, as we will eventually be treated the same way we treat others.

1.Narrate in groups the scene described in the beginning of the poem.

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The scene described in the beginning of the poem is best captured in the first two stanzas, wherein a calm scenario has been depicted. The air, the sea and the ship are in a peaceful state. The sea-waves are so feeble that they don’t send any sound or shock. They do not rise or fall enough to cause the Inchcape bell to ring.

Complete the following statement:

1.The Abbot of Aberbrothok placed a bell on the Inchcape Rock because _______.

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The Abbot of Aberbrothok placed a bell on the Inchcape Rock because he wanted the ships to stay safe from collision with the Inchcape Rock that used to be submerged in the water during high tide.

2.The mariners were grateful to the Abbot of Aberbrothok because _______.

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The mariners were grateful to the Abbot of Aberbrothok because he saved them from possible shipwrecks by installing the warning bell on Inchcape Rock.

3.The result of the thick haze that covered the sky was that ______.

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The result of the thick haze that covered the sky was that sir Ralph and his crew couldn’t see the sun on high.

4.The Rover in frustration pulled his hair and cursed himself because ______.

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The Rover in frustration pulled his hair and cursed himself because he was going to meet his death only because of his own wicked act of cutting off the Inchcape Bell.

1.Given below are the events that give the theme of the poem in a jumbled form. Arrange in a proper sequence as per their occurrence.

1. The waves were so small that they did not move enough to ring the bell at the Inchcape Rock.
2. The Abbot of Aberbrothok had placed the bell on a buoy on the rock.
3. There was a thick haze spread over the atmosphere.
4. Ralph bent over from the boat.
5. Sir Ralph cursed himself in despair and in his frustration tore his hair.

#### SOLUTION

b. The Abbot of Aberbrothok had placed the bell on a buoy on the rock.

a. The waves were so small that they did not move enough to ring the bell at the Inchcape Rock.

d. Ralph bent over from the boat.

c. There was a thick haze spread over the atmosphere.

e. Sir Ralph cursed himself in despair and in his frustration tore his hair.

2.Describe the qualities of the Abbot of Aberbrothok in your own words.

#### SOLUTION

1. Benevolent
2. Big-hearted
3. Well-wisher
4. Caring
5. Practical
6. Clever
7. Selfless

3.Jealousy’ is the most incurable defect. Justify.

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‘Jealousy’ means ‘envy’ in its most negative form. It originates primarily from lack of self-confidence and is difficult to get rid of. Another reason for jealousy is poor self-image. The insecurity arising out of the fear of being rejected by someone leads to jealousy too. It upsets our social circle and turns friends to foes. This can further alienate a person, making him/her even more jealous of other people due to one’s own sense of inadequacy. All these insecurities, which stem from jealousy, can drive a person to cause harm to others. A lot of self-training is required to get rid of the negative emotion of jealousy. As long as a person holds a low opinion of self, he/she can never be immune to this defect. Even with a lot of practice, one is bound to feel this emotion at some point in their lives. Thus, jealousy is the most incurable defect.

4.But the Rover’s mirth was wickedness’. Explain this line in your own words with the help of the poem.

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‘But the Rover’s mirth was wickedness’

Explanation:

Though Sir Ralph was in a cheerful mood and his heart was full of joy, the reason behind his happiness was a wicked plan that he had just devised.

Some words in the poem are related to different parts of a ship or a mariner’s life. Given below is the meaning of those terms. Identify the word.

1.Helps in steering the ship

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Helps in steering the ship – sails

2.The lowest part of the ship

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The lowest part of the ship – keel

3.Floating object that shows direction

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Floating object that shows direction – buoy

4.Another name for a ship

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Another name for a ship – boat/ vessel

5.Sinking sound

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Sinking sound – gurgling

A ballad is a song that tells a story, and it can be dramatic, funny or romantic.

Traditionally the ballad has been considered a folkloric verse narrative which has strong associations with communal dancing. Generally, the term is used for a narrative poem which uses an elliptical and highly stylized mode of narration. The technique of repetition with variation may play an important part in it.

From the 18th century onwards, collections of folk / ‘popular ballads’ began to be made. The form was taken up by some of the most influential poets of the late 18th century as a folkloric form of expression.

A typical ballad consists of stanzas that contain a quatrain, or four poetic lines. Some ballads have a refrain, or a repeated chorus, just like a song does. The rhyme scheme adds musical quality to the poem. One famous ballad is ‘The Rime of the Ancient Mariner’ by English poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

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Select the appropriate figure of speech from the box given below and complete the table.

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1.Write an appreciation of the poem, ‘The Inchcape Rock’.

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Appreciation of the poem ‘The Inchcape Rock’

‘The Inchcape Rock’ by Robert Southey is a ballad of seventeen stanzas, also called quatrains as they are made of four lines each. The primary theme of the poem is that those who do bad things meet with a bad end at the hands of fate. The idea of ‘what goes around, comes around’ is at the core of the poem. The ballad is composed in a narrative style and the rhyming couplets follow the rhyme scheme ‘aabb’. The poem also contains a lot of old English words. The poet embellishes his composition with a number of figures of speech such as Alliteration, Antithesis, Apostrophe, Consonance, Exclamation, Inversion, Metaphor, Onomatopoeia, Personification, Repetition, Simile, Synecdoche, and Transferred Epithet. The highlight of the poem is the vivid imagery of the ‘bright, shining sun’ at the beginning to that of ‘hazy sky’ at the end, or that of the ‘steady ship’, ‘light waves’, ‘green ocean’, ‘birds wheeling around’, ‘sinking ship’, etc. that the poet employs to convey the message of poetic justice. Its smart usage makes the readers feel like they are a part of the scene being described. The use of symbolism also adds to the beauty of the poem where the Abbot is presented as the symbol of all that is good, while Sir Ralph symbolizes the evil. The Inchcape Rock is symbolic of the trap that Sir Ralph had laid down for others, which he himself fell into. Through the poem has been composed in the 18th century, the message conveyed by it is relevant even today  that one should steer clear of wickedness and malice towards others, as that could be the cause of one’s own doom. The poem is didactic in nature, meaning that it conveys a moral through the story depicted in it. The moral of this poem is ‘As you sow, so shall you reap’. In my opinion, the poem is timeless, as its relevance can never diminish. For as long as humans suffer from the vice of jealousy, this poem will keep reminding them of its consequences.

### 1.The poem begins with:

#### SOLUTION

##### (iii) Colleges that provide education in oceanography –
1. National Institute of Oceanography, Goa
2. National Institute of Oceanography, Mumbai
3. MBA (Logistic Shipping Management), IIKM Business School, Calicut, Kerala
4. Indira Gandhi College of Distance Education IGCDE Tamil Nadu.

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##### (i) On Shore and Off Shore Opportunities in the Indian Navy:
• Executive Level:
##### A lot of opportunities are available at the Executive level in the Indian Navy. The various specializations available are:
1. Gunnery & Missiles
2. Anti – Submarine Warfare
4. Communications
5. Aviation
6. Submarine
7. Hydrography
8. Diving
9. Law
10. Air Traffic Control
11. Naval Armament Inspection
12. Logistics
13. Information Technology
• Ocean Engineering:
##### This field of engineering deals with the design, research and development, testing, analysis, operations, maintenance of structures, marine vehicles and other systems onshore and offshore.
• Marine Research:

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